About This Chapter
Criminal Sanctions Used in Criminology - Chapter Summary
These informative lessons cover the criminal sanctions used in criminology. As you work through the chapter, topics include the relationship between crime and punishment and an overview and history of parole and probation. Our short lessons have been created by professional instructors to provide you with a convenient and easy-to-follow way to learn this information. Before or after reviewing the lessons, taking the multiple-choice quizzes helps you assess your comprehension level and how you might do on a test. Once you complete this chapter, you should be able to:
- Examine the relationship between crime and punishment
- Explain how the deterrence theory of punishment affects obedience of the law
- Describe what probation and parole are, along with their purpose
- Discuss the purpose and advantages of intermediate sanctions
- Outline the effects of solitary confinement
- Detail the history of corporal punishment
- Illustrate both the pros and cons of capital punishment
- Describe the impact of corrections on modern concepts
- Discuss some of the characteristics of U.S. prisoner populations
1. The Relationship Between Crime & Punishment
The criminal law sets out both crimes and punishments, which are designed to align with each other. This lesson defines criminal punishment, explains punishment theories and explores the relationship between crime and punishment.
2. Deterrence Theory of Punishment: Definition & Effect on Law Obedience
Deterrence theory says that people obey the law because they are scared of getting caught and being punished. In this lesson, we'll look more closely at deterrence theory and how it relates to drunk driving and the death penalty.
3. Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes
More offenders are sentenced to probation and parole than are sentenced to incarceration. This lesson explains the history and purpose of probation and parole, including the difference between the two.
4. Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Purpose & Advantages
Intermediate sanctions are a form of punishment used in the criminal justice system. These criminal sentences fall between probation and incarceration. This lesson explains intermediate sanctions.
5. Solitary Confinement: Definition & Effects
In this lesson, we'll define and discuss solitary confinement and the situations in which it is employed. We'll also discuss the effect it has on prisoners and recent challenges made to its widespread use.
6. Corporal Punishment: History & Effects
In this lesson, we will discuss the definition and history of corporal punishment, the methods of corporal punishment that may be employed, locations and applications of its current use, and the effects of its use.
7. What Is Capital Punishment? - Definition, History, Pros & Cons
Learn about capital punishment. Examine the definition and history of capital punishment, and review the pros and cons of capital punishment to gain a thorough understanding.
8. History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts
Today's corrections system is much different than the early punishment system. This lesson outlines the historical development of the United States' corrections system and explains its impact on modern concepts.
9. Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations
The Bureau of Justice Statistics, or BJS, collects, analyzes and publishes data relating to crime in the United States. This lesson discusses BJS data regarding the characteristics of prison inmate populations, including age, gender and race.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice Overview course
- Law Enforcement & Police Activity
- Court Proceedings Overview
- Basic Theories of Crime
- Types of Courts
- Types of Crime Overview
- Agencies & Offices of the Department of Justice
- Criminal Sentencing
- History of Police Brutality in America
- Laws Related to Family, Marriage & Children
- Prisons in the United States
- American Law Enforcement Agencies
- Police Roles & Policies
- Overview of Correction Facilities
- Basic Law in Criminal Justice
- Warrants in Criminal Justice
- Introduction to Criminology
- Crime Categories & Characteristics
- Theories of Criminal Behavior
- Victims of Crime: Consequences & Impact
- Types of Homicide