Ch 5: CSET English: Grammatical Structures

About This Chapter

Let us introduce you to common grammatical concepts and errors. The video lessons and self-assessment quizzes in this chapter can prepare you to correctly answer these types of questions on the CSET English Subtest II.

CSET English Subtest II: Grammatical Structures - Chapter Summary

The video lessons in this chapter can help you understand grammatical rules and structures and recognize common grammatical errors. Prepare for the grammatical structure questions included on the CSET English Subtest II by watching these videos and taking the quizzes that follow. Video lessons cover:

  • Independent and dependent clauses
  • Sentence fragments and run-on sentences
  • Punctuation
  • Parallelism
  • Personal pronouns
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Sentence agreement
  • Misplaced and dangling modifiers
  • Types of pronouns
  • Comma usage and rules
  • Coordinating and correlative conjunctions
  • Sentence embedding and expanding
  • Using idioms and phrasal verbs

CSET English Subtest II: Objectives

The CSET English Subtest II is one of four tests that make up the CSET English subject exam, which is required for English teachers seeking certification in California. All 50 of the multiple-choice questions in Subtest II fall under the domain, or content area, of language, linguistics and literacy. A portion of this test is focused on grammatical structures.

In addition to testing your knowledge and usage of correct grammar, questions on the test might cover sentence construction methods, such as using coordinators and subordinators to combine sentences or using causal or phrasal modifiers to expand sentences. Use the video lessons to familiarize yourself with these concepts and take the self-assessment quizzes to see if you're ready to take the test.

16 Lessons in Chapter 5: CSET English: Grammatical Structures
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

1. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.

Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

2. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.

Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods

3. Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods

Periods, colons, and semicolons all have the ability to stop a sentence in its tracks, but for very different purposes. In this lesson, learn how and why we use them in our writing.

Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

4. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.

What Are Personal Pronouns?

5. What Are Personal Pronouns?

Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.

How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

6. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.

Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

7. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.

Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

8. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.

What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?

9. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?

I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.

Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive

10. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive

In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.

Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership

11. Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership

A common error occurs whenever a writer uses wording that suggests that a lot of people own or use just one thing, when really they all own or use their own separate things. This video will explain how to identify and fix this type of error.

Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules

12. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules

Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.

Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts

13. Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts

Learn more about comma usage from the pros! There are just too many ways to use the comma (it's a basic punctuation mark, after all) to fit in one sentence. Watch here to learn about some of the more common traps students fall into when trying to put commas in the right place.

Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative

14. Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative

Conjunctions are parts of speech that join together other words, phrases and clauses in sentences. Learn all about two types of conjunctions - coordinating and correlative - in this lesson.

Sentence Embedding & Expanding

15. Sentence Embedding & Expanding

Does your writing rely too heavily on simple sentences? Watch this video lesson to learn how to build more complex sentences using sentence embedding.

How to Write with Idioms or Phrasal Verbs

16. How to Write with Idioms or Phrasal Verbs

In this lesson, you will learn how to identify idioms and phrasal verbs. Once you can recognize these parts of speech, you will be able to use them yourself in your writing.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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