About This Chapter
CSET English Subtest II: Parts of Speech and Sentence Structure - Chapter Summary
Video lessons in this chapter examine the various parts of speech that make up a sentence. These lessons will come in handy if you need to brush up on your sentence structure skills or refresh your memory on the purpose of items like possessive nouns and participles while you prepare for the CSET English Subtest II. Accompanying each lesson is a self-assessment quiz that you can use to test your knowledge of the many components that can be used to form a sentence. Subjects covered in these video lessons include:
- Definition and types of nouns
- Using nouns as subjects in a sentence
- Possessive pronouns and contractions
- Antecedents and compound antecedents
- Personal pronouns and antecedents
- Action, linking and auxiliary verbs
- Verb forms
- Adjectives and adverbs
- Definition of indefinite and definite articles
- Collective nouns
CSET English: Parts of Speech and Sentence Structure Objectives
The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing designed the California Subject Exams for Teachers (CSET) to evaluate potential teachers' readiness to teach in specific subject areas. Aspiring English teachers in California are required to pass the 4-part CSET English subject exam. CSET English Subtest II consists of 50 multiple-choice questions covering the content areas of language, linguistics and literacy. To pass this subtest, you'll need to be able to analyze parts of speech and explain the various functions of each part. You'll need to be familiar with the functions of verbs and be able to describe the various verb forms.
Use the video lessons in this chapter for an in-depth examination of these concepts. Prepare to pass the exams by testing your knowledge of sentence structure and parts of speech with the self-assessment quizzes that follow each lesson. The quizzes include questions similar to those you'll see on the exam.
1. What Are Nouns? - Definition, Types & Examples
A noun is a part of speech that identifies a person, place, thing, or idea. In this lesson, in addition to learning how to identify nouns, you'll learn the difference between proper and common nouns and a bit about how nouns function in sentences.
2. Singular & Plural Nouns: Definitions, Rules & Examples
This video takes a look at how singular nouns are turned into plural nouns. Check it out to learn about regular and irregular plurals as well as important definitions, rules, and exceptions.
3. What Are Possessive Nouns? - Examples, Definition & Types
This video explains what you need to know to use apostrophes to make singular and plural nouns possessive. You'll also learn how to avoid mixing up your plurals and possessives.
4. Using Nouns as the Subject of a Sentence: Grammar Rules & Examples
A subject is an essential part of a sentence. This video explains the role that subjects play in sentences, how nouns work as subjects and the various types of subjects.
5. Possessive Pronouns & Contractions: Definition & Examples
In writing, many people get possessive pronouns and contractions confused. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two, as well as how to use apostrophes in order to form contractions.
6. What Are Pronouns? - Types, Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we'll learn about pronouns in general, and take a look at two types of personal pronouns: subjective case and objective case pronouns. Knowing which case of pronoun you'll need can help you avoid common pronoun errors.
7. What is an Antecedent? - Definition, Meaning & Examples
If you have a pronoun in a sentence, you'll also need to have an antecedent. In this lesson, find out what an antecedent is as well as some of the basic rules for avoiding vague pronoun references and for making sure that you have pronoun-antecedent agreement.
8. Compound Antecedents: Definition & Examples
You may know already that an antecedent and its pronoun must agree in number. In this lesson, you'll learn about compound antecedents and the various rules involving how they can be made to agree with pronouns.
9. Personal Pronouns and Antecedents: Number Agreement
In this lesson, you'll learn how to avoid one of the most common grammatical mistakes in writing by learning how to ensure that all of the antecedents in your writing agree in number with the pronouns that they're matched up with.
10. Action, Linking and Auxiliary Verbs: Definitions, Functions & Examples
Do you think that a verb is just a verb? Check out this lesson to learn about the differences among action verbs, linking verbs, and auxiliary/helping verbs.
11. Verb Forms: Participles & Infinitives
Using verbs correctly involves knowing more than just how to express action in a sentence. This lesson will show you a few special types of verb forms - infinitives, present participles, and past participles - as well as how to use them.
12. Comparison of Adjectives & Adverbs: Examples, Sentences & Exercises
Adjectives and adverbs are descriptive words that allow our sentences to be much more specific and interesting than they would be without them. This lesson covers the rules for using adjectives and adverbs correctly, including those used in comparisons.
13. Indefinite and Definite Articles: Definition and Examples
Watch this video lesson on indefinite and definite articles. Find out when you should use which type of article and when you shouldn't use any article at all.
14. What are Predicates? - Definition and Examples
A predicate is a necessary component of each sentence, so it's important to know what one is and how to identify one. This lesson goes over the basics of predicates as well as how knowing about them can help answer other grammatical questions.
15. What Are Collective Nouns?
In this lesson, you'll find out what collective nouns are as well as how to ensure that you're using the right verbs and pronouns in sentences that contain them.
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Other chapters within the CSET English Subtest II (106): Practice & Study Guide course