About This Chapter
CSET Investigation & Experimentation: Drawing Conclusions - Chapter Summary
Prepare for CSET General Science Subtest I questions with this chapter's video lessons. Instructors walk you through factors for consideration when interpreting scientific data and drawing conclusions. Lessons also show you how to:
- Draw conclusions based on internal validity
- Identify relationships between hypotheses, methods, data and conclusions
- Present a scientific investigation's processes and results
- Interpret topographic maps and draw scale maps
This chapter on scientific investigation and experimentation includes engaging video lessons that make the content easy to remember. There are also transcripts with links to supplementary text lessons and self-assessment quizzes you can take as many times as you need.
CSET Investigation & Experimentation: Drawing Conclusions - Chapter Objectives
The 60 questions comprising the CSET General Science Subtest I cover several content domains, including astronomy, geology and physics. There are also questions gauging your ability to conduct experiments.
To successfully answer them, you'll need to be able to evaluate scientific evidence used to support a claim and recognize the extent of the hypothesis you develop, the type of tests you conduct and the data you collect will affect the conclusions you draw from your experiment. You'll also need an ability to clearly communicate your results. A knack for interpreting geographic, topographical and scale maps is required as well.
Get ready for these types of questions with the lessons included in this chapter. We'll help you ace these and other parts of the exam so you can earn your California teaching credentials and begin your career in high school science education.
1. Scientific Investigations: Data, Evidence & Reasoning
What is a scientific investigation? And how are data, evidence, and reasoning central to the scientific process? Learn about the difference between data and evidence and why logical reasoning is just as necessary as data itself.
2. Scientific Data Analysis
Science involves collecting data. But what do you do once is collected? Learn about how to analyze data, including the difference between accuracy and precision.
3. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
4. Drawing Logical Conclusions from Experimental Data
Experimental results are what scientists like to share with each other, but it's important to understand what those data mean. We do this in the final step of the experimental process, when we draw meaningful conclusions from the results we obtained.
5. Scientific Explanation: Definition & Examples
What makes an explanation scientific? Learn what a scientific explanation is, how it's evaluated, and some examples of scientific explanations. See how well you can explain the things you've learned with a quiz.
6. Understanding Whether Given Evidence Supports a Conclusion
Part of being a good scientist is evaluating other scientists' work. One aspect of this is knowing whether the evidence provided supports the scientists' conclusions. While this is not always easy, it is necessary in order to produce good science.
7. How to Evaluate Scientific Claims & Arguments
When you hear about the new scientific discovery, how can you be sure that it's true? Learn how to evaluate scientific claims and arguments, and then test your new skills with a quiz.
8. Presenting the Scientific Process Orally or in Writing
Part of being a good scientist involves sharing your work with others. Two of the most common ways this is done is through written works and oral presentations, both of which require a certain amount of care and skill.
9. Print & Electronic Sources for Scientific Research
Sources provide you with helpful background information that support your own work. You can find sources both online and in printed materials. There are benefits and drawbacks to each, so you'll need to consider which is best for you and your project.
10. Scientific Sources: Accuracy, Reliability & Validity
It's important to use other sources to support your work, but what's even more important is to use the right ones. Sources should be valid, reliable, and accurate, but it's not always easy to tell which ones meet these criteria.
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Other chapters within the CSET Science: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- About the CSET Science Test
- Performing Scientific Investigations
- Math Concepts & Scientific Data Analysis
- Engineering Practices, Design & Applications
- Crosscutting Concepts in Science & Engineering
- Understanding Atoms, Elements & the Periodic Table
- Overview of Nuclear Energy
- Overview of Matter
- Chemical Reactions & Biochemistry
- CSET: Newton's Laws of Motion
- Pressure, Fluid Flow & Buoyancy
- Understanding Types of Force
- Graphs of Motion
- CSET: Waves
- Types of Energy & Energy Transfers
- CSET: Electricity and Magnetism
- Understanding Cell Structure & Functions
- Overview of Plant Biology
- Energy Transfer in Organisms
- Understanding Basics of Ecology
- Overview of Genetics & DNA
- Understanding Principles of Heredity
- Understanding Basics of Evolution
- Formation of the Universe
- CSET: Astronomy
- CSET: Geodynamics
- CSET: Rock, Mineral, Soil & Water Resources
- Overview of Plate Tectonics
- Basics of Weather & Climate
- Energy Transfer & Climate Change
- CSET: Energy Resources
- CSET Science Flashcards