About This Chapter
Cultural Systems & Processes - Chapter Summary
Our instructors present topics related to cultural processes and systems in this helpful chapter. As part of your study, you'll review the major elements that define culture as well as the international, national and subcultural levels of culture. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Differentiate real culture and ideal culture
- Provide examples of counter-culture
- Define cultural diffusion and popular cultures
- Compare core and peripheral societies as outlined in the world systems theory
- Outline colonialism and imperialism in the international system
- Detail authority, influence and power in political organizations
- Explain how art is used as a representation of culture
Our fun, easy-to-use learning tools are a great way to catch up in class or get ready for an upcoming test. Each illustrated video and text lesson is followed by a multiple-choice quiz that makes a handy test prep tool. If you'd rather not watch an entire video lesson, use the video tabs feature to skip ahead to a specific section.
1. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture
Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.
2. Levels of Culture: National, International & Subcultural
This lesson will focus on the different levels, or layers, of culture. In doing so, it will define culture. It will also explain the layers of international culture, national culture, and subculture.
3. Culture and the Individual: Real Culture vs. Ideal Culture
This lesson will seek to explain the difference between ideal and real culture. In doing so, it will give an example of each, while also defining the terms culture and norm.
4. Counter-Culture: Definition & Examples
Countercultures are a big part of our history, but how much do you really know about them? In this lesson, we'll explore this concept and check out a few notable countercultures throughout history.
5. Cultural Diffusion: Definition, Expansion & Popular Cultures
In this lesson, we'll use the examples of viral videos, hip hop, and yoga to explore how culture is diffused and expanded. We'll also look at how the Internet impacts our understanding of popular culture.
6. World Systems Theory: Core vs. Peripheral Societies
World systems theory was proposed by sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein. This lesson discusses the three-level hierarchy approach to economics, which consists of core, periphery, and semi-periphery countries, in the context of global inequality.
7. Imperialism & Colonialism in the International System
Throughout history, major political powers in the international system turned to imperialism and colonialism to increase their wealth and power. In this lesson, you'll learn more about imperialism and colonialism and the impact it has on political communities.
8. Power, Authority & Influence in Political Organizations
This lesson will explain the differences between power, authority, and influence within a political organization. In doing so, it will highlight terms like charisma, rational authority, traditional authority, and personal power.
9. Art as a Representation of Culture
Why do anthropologists care about art? This lesson examines different approaches to art and how these expressions of culture are passed on from one generation to the next.
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Other chapters within the DSST General Anthropology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Fundamental Concepts in Anthropology
- Anthropological Perspectives
- Influences on Gender, Race & Culture
- Physical Anthropology Fundamentals
- Basic Principles in Archaeology
- Principles of Language & Communication
- Principles of Social Organization
- Economic & Political Organization
- Fundamentals of Religious Studies
- Modernization & the Future of Anthropology
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST General Anthropology Flashcards