Ch 6: Cultural Systems & Processes

About This Chapter

If you're struggling to understand cultural systems and processes, take a look at our engaging chapter. Our easy-to-navigate video and text lessons provide a comprehensive study guide for you to use to prepare for an exam or complete a challenging homework assignment.

Cultural Systems & Processes - Chapter Summary

Our instructors present topics related to cultural processes and systems in this helpful chapter. As part of your study, you'll review the major elements that define culture as well as the international, national and subcultural levels of culture. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Differentiate real culture and ideal culture
  • Provide examples of counter-culture
  • Define cultural diffusion and popular cultures
  • Compare core and peripheral societies as outlined in the world systems theory
  • Outline colonialism and imperialism in the international system
  • Detail authority, influence and power in political organizations
  • Explain how art is used as a representation of culture

Our fun, easy-to-use learning tools are a great way to catch up in class or get ready for an upcoming test. Each illustrated video and text lesson is followed by a multiple-choice quiz that makes a handy test prep tool. If you'd rather not watch an entire video lesson, use the video tabs feature to skip ahead to a specific section.

9 Lessons in Chapter 6: Cultural Systems & Processes
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

1. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.

Levels of Culture: National, International & Subcultural

2. Levels of Culture: National, International & Subcultural

This lesson will focus on the different levels, or layers, of culture. In doing so, it will define culture. It will also explain the layers of international culture, national culture, and subculture.

Culture and the Individual: Real Culture vs. Ideal Culture

3. Culture and the Individual: Real Culture vs. Ideal Culture

This lesson will seek to explain the difference between ideal and real culture. In doing so, it will give an example of each, while also defining the terms culture and norm.

Counter-Culture: Definition & Examples

4. Counter-Culture: Definition & Examples

Countercultures are a big part of our history, but how much do you really know about them? In this lesson, we'll explore this concept and check out a few notable countercultures throughout history.

Cultural Diffusion: Definition, Expansion & Popular Cultures

5. Cultural Diffusion: Definition, Expansion & Popular Cultures

In this lesson, we'll use the examples of viral videos, hip hop, and yoga to explore how culture is diffused and expanded. We'll also look at how the Internet impacts our understanding of popular culture.

World Systems Theory: Core vs. Peripheral Societies

6. World Systems Theory: Core vs. Peripheral Societies

World systems theory was proposed by sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein. This lesson discusses the three-level hierarchy approach to economics, which consists of core, periphery, and semi-periphery countries, in the context of global inequality.

Imperialism & Colonialism in the International System

7. Imperialism & Colonialism in the International System

Throughout history, major political powers in the international system turned to imperialism and colonialism to increase their wealth and power. In this lesson, you'll learn more about imperialism and colonialism and the impact it has on political communities.

Power, Authority & Influence in Political Organizations

8. Power, Authority & Influence in Political Organizations

This lesson will explain the differences between power, authority, and influence within a political organization. In doing so, it will highlight terms like charisma, rational authority, traditional authority, and personal power.

Art as a Representation of Culture

9. Art as a Representation of Culture

Why do anthropologists care about art? This lesson examines different approaches to art and how these expressions of culture are passed on from one generation to the next.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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