About This Chapter
Culture & Cultural Change - Chapter Summary
In these lessons on culture and cultural change, you can review the different stages of adapting to a new culture. You can also gain a clearer understanding of cultural subsets and norms. By the end of the chapter, you should be positioned to:
- Distinguish between culture, nation, and society
- Discuss multiculturalism in the United States
- Give details about the impact of culture on diversity
- Recall theories surrounding social stratification
- Provide examples of stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination
- Discuss the change mechanisms of invention and innovation
- Give an example of acculturation
- Discuss possible effects of cultural assimilation
The easy-to-follow teaching style used by our experienced educators can help increase your knowledge of culture and cultural change. A brief quiz is available for each lesson to test your understanding of topics covered. Each video lesson includes a full written transcript that you can print and use as an offline study tool.
1. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture
Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.
2. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism
In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.
3. Cultural Norms: Definition & Values
Cultural norms are what keep people moving in a similar direction. This lesson explains the relationship between cultural norms and values. We'll also look at an experiment that tells us about our willingness to conform.
4. How Culture Impacts Diversity in Society
Diversity in society exists on many different levels and can have a profound effect on human psychology. This lesson discusses the impact of culture, on diversity in society in a variety of ways.
5. Social Stratification: Definition, Theories & Examples
Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Let's examine some of the theories surrounding this concept.
6. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
7. Mechanisms of Cultural Change: Invention, Diffusion & Innovation
This lesson will seek to explain the concept of cultural change. In doing so, it will highlight the change mechanisms of invention and innovation. It will also explain the different types of diffusion.
8. Cultural Adaptation: Definition, Theory, Stages & Examples
What happens when you move from one culture to another? In this lesson, we will discuss the different stages of adapting to a new culture, also known as the theory of cultural adaptation.
9. Acculturation Processes: Substitution, Syncretism, Addition, Deculturation & Origination
This lesson will highlight processes of acculturation that create a diverse, complex society. As part of the discussion, we'll consider how the fast-food fish filet sandwich came to popularity due to forces of acculturation.
10. Cultural Assimilation & Extinction: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn about the interactions between different cultures, and how those interactions can potentially lead to two different ways in which one culture is replaced by another.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086): Study Guide & Practice course
- Early American Civilizations & Colonization
- The American Revolution Basics
- Development of the Early United States
- American Civil War
- Industrialization & The Progressive Era
- Overview of America in World War I
- America in the 1920s & the Great Depression
- Overview of America in World War II
- U.S. Culture & Politics after WWII
- Overview of Major Ancient Civilizations
- The Middle Ages, Renaissance & Reformation
- Revolutions & Imperialism
- First & Second World Wars
- Western Civilization after WWII
- Political Ideologies & Forms of Government
- American Democracy & Citizenship
- Overview of Federalism in the United States
- Election Process
- Overview of Theories of International Relations
- U.S. Foreign & Defense Policy
- Basic Geographic Tools & Concepts
- Spatial Processes in Geography
- Human Geography Overview
- Human Influences on the Environment
- Microeconomics Overview
- Macroeconomics Overview
- Economic and Fiscal Policy Overview
- Overview of Psychology
- Praxis Social Studies - Content & Interpretation (5086) Flashcards