About This Chapter
Culture of the High Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
A period between the 11th and 13th centuries, the High Middle Ages was a time of tremendous strife. Peasants were burdened by a life at the bottom of the feudal system. The Church and monarchs fought to expand their influence and authority. Yet even with all this conflict, this period also saw the creation of striking Gothic architecture and art as well as the growth of secular education. In this chapter's lessons, you'll get details on High Middle Ages topics like:
- What led to the development of secular universities
- How peasants fared under feudalism
- What the purpose of the Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford was
- What qualities defined Gothic architecture and artwork
|The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monarchies||See what factors contributed to the decline of monastic education and the development of secular universities.|
|The Daily Life of English Peasants||Learn about the feudal system and the harsh work required of English peasants.|
|Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance||Explore the effects of the Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford on the English king's authority.|
|Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History||Learn about the three defining elements of Gothic architecture.|
|Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style||Trace the development and defining qualities of Gothic stained glass and sculptures.|
|Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics||Examine Gothic paintings and some of the artists that created them.|
1. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries
Before the Middle Ages, education was the responsibility of the Church. As the need for education spread to those who were not clergy, monasteries could no longer meet the needs of education. This lesson explores the decline of monastic education and the rise of the university.
2. The Daily Life of English Peasants
Peasants of the Middle Age faced a very harsh life. This lesson explores the typical lifestyle for an English peasant in the 11th through 13th centuries, including the daily tasks they performed.
3. Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance
In the High Middle Ages several charters were created that limited the authority of ruling powers. This lesson explores two of these charters, both of which limited the authority of the king of England.
4. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.
5. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
6. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
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Other chapters within the World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance