Copyright

Ch 48: Culture & Socialization - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

You are entering a chapter that includes brief and engaging video lessons about culture and socialization. You can test yourself by taking our short assessments. This chapter will help you get ready for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam.

Culture & Socialization: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Summary

Use our video lessons to remind yourself of the definitions of social roles and culture. Assess your knowledge of self-presentation with a short multiple-choice quiz. When you've finished the lessons in this chapter, you could be knowledgeable about the following in time for the exam:

  • Definition of culture and its various types
  • Cultural elements
  • Types of cultural subsets, including subculture and multiculturalism
  • Definition of ideal culture and real culture
  • Theoretical approaches that examine culture
  • Case studies on socialization and isolation
  • Definition and agents of socialization
  • Examples of ascribed and achieved status
  • Definition of social roles
  • Self-presentation methods

If you would like to read the lessons, you can check out the transcripts. All important vocabulary words are in bold. After you've finished your quizzes, you can either retake them, or move onto the next lesson. There is a link to the chapter and final exams in the Quiz tab. Please do not hesitate to let our instructors or experts know if you have a question.

Culture & Socialization: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Objectives

The Geography and Culture section of the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam relates to the lessons found in this chapter. It equates to 19% of the whole exam. The 150 multiple-choice test questions will be answered on a computer. They may include those that ask you to show your understanding of socialization and the influences on culture.

10 Lessons in Chapter 48: Culture & Socialization - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

1. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.

Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

2. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.

Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

3. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.

Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

4. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.

Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

5. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.

Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

6. Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

Interestingly, socialization seems to be the process that makes us act human. Here, we define socialization and discuss its importance to human development. We also contrast it to social isolation and discuss several case studies regarding what happens when humans don't or can't socialize.

Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

7. Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

The socialization that we receive in childhood has a lasting effect on our ability to interact with others in society. In this lesson, we identify and discuss four of the most influential agents of socialization in childhood: family, school, peers, and media.

Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

8. Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

In this lesson, we discuss social interaction theory, putting particular emphasis on the concept of social statuses. We identify and define several types of statuses, including ascribed, achieved, and master status.

Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

9. Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

This lesson focuses on the roles that society socially constructs. We define social roles and identify examples. We also examine types of social roles and what can happen with them, including role conflict, role strain, and role exit.

Presentation of Self: Methods to Presenting The Self

10. Presentation of Self: Methods to Presenting The Self

All of us like to present ourselves to others as someone who is likable and successful. In this lesson, we discuss the concept of dramaturgical analysis as proposed by Erving Goffman. We also talk about the practice of idealization and how nonverbal communication can sometimes sabotage our presentation efforts.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course

Support