Ch 82: Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction

About This Chapter

View the video lessons in this chapter and improve your comprehension of culture, socialization and social interaction. Take a look at the elements and factors that shape culture as well as the agents that contribute to socialization.

Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction - Chapter Summary

Refresh your knowledge of culture, socialization and social interaction using our video lessons. This chapter explains exactly what culture is and identifies what shapes it. You'll also examine how sociologists study culture. Additionally, our instructors discuss the importance of socialization and social roles as well as the repercussions of social isolation. After completing your studies of the lessons in this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Differentiate between material and nonmaterial culture
  • Identify cultural subsets and elements of culture
  • Recognize the impact of culture on socialization and education
  • Discuss how perceptions of culture are formed
  • Understand the theoretical approaches sociologists use to analyze culture
  • Describe the agents of socialization and the effects of social isolation
  • Explain the types of statuses in the context of social interaction theory
  • List and describe the types of social roles
  • Discuss ways of presenting the self

We strive to make learning a straightforward and convenient process. Our videos are typically just a few minutes long and have tags that you can use to rewatch key points. We provide transcripts of all of our video lessons, and some of these contain links to text lessons that have additional information about major terms. Our multiple-choice quizzes are short self-assessments that check how well you've grasped the culture, socialization and social interaction topics in the lessons.

11 Lessons in Chapter 82: Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

1. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.

Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

2. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.

The Effect of Culture, Socialization & Culture Shock on Education

3. The Effect of Culture, Socialization & Culture Shock on Education

In this lesson we will explore the effect of culture on the socialization of children. We will also seek to understand the impact that culture has on their educational experiences.

Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

4. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.

Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

5. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.

Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

6. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.

Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

7. Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

Interestingly, socialization seems to be the process that makes us act human. Here, we define socialization and discuss its importance to human development. We also contrast it to social isolation and discuss several case studies regarding what happens when humans don't or can't socialize.

Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

8. Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

The socialization that we receive in childhood has a lasting effect on our ability to interact with others in society. In this lesson, we identify and discuss four of the most influential agents of socialization in childhood: family, school, peers, and media.

Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

9. Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

In this lesson, we discuss social interaction theory, putting particular emphasis on the concept of social statuses. We identify and define several types of statuses, including ascribed, achieved, and master status.

Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

10. Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

This lesson focuses on the roles that society socially constructs. We define social roles and identify examples. We also examine types of social roles and what can happen with them, including role conflict, role strain, and role exit.

Presentation of Self: Methods to Presenting The Self

11. Presentation of Self: Methods to Presenting The Self

All of us like to present ourselves to others as someone who is likable and successful. In this lesson, we discuss the concept of dramaturgical analysis as proposed by Erving Goffman. We also talk about the practice of idealization and how nonverbal communication can sometimes sabotage our presentation efforts.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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