About This Chapter
Culture & Sociology - Chapter Summary
Feel confident that you have a quality understanding of culture and sociology with help from the entertaining lessons in this chapter. Review them any time your schedule permits to dig into topics that include cultural transmission, perceptions of culture and cultural diffusion. All lessons are accessible via any computer, smartphone or tablet and feature mini quizzes you can use to assess your comprehension of the concepts they cover. A practice exam is also available to test your knowledge. Once you've completed this chapter, you will be ready to:
- Define culture and differentiate between material and nonmaterial culture
- Identify and describe four elements of culture
- List and discuss various cultural subsets
- Differentiate between perceptions of ideal and real culture
- Define ethnocentrism and cultural relativism
- Share the definition of cultural diffusion
- Explain the theory of cultural transmission
- Discuss cultural mores, folkways, laws and sanctions
1. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture
Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.
2. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture
Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.
3. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism
In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.
4. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism
The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.
5. Cultural Diffusion: Definition, Expansion & Popular Cultures
In this lesson, we'll use the examples of viral videos, hip hop, and yoga to explore how culture is diffused and expanded. We'll also look at how the Internet impacts our understanding of popular culture.
6. Cultural Transmission: Definition & Theory
Through this lesson, you will learn how to define cultural transmission and gain insight into the theoretical foundation and importance of the concept. When you are through with the lesson, you can test your new knowledge with a short quiz.
7. Cultural Mores, Folkways, Laws & Sanctions
Social norms guide our behavior and interaction with other people. In this lesson, we'll talk about folkways, mores, taboos, and laws, which are types of norms that we don't want to violate in our society.
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Other chapters within the TECEP Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Sociology & Sociological Theory
- Research in Sociology
- Socialization & Interaction
- Social Structure & Control
- Stratification & Social Mobility
- Inequality in Society
- Gender, Family & Sexuality
- Social Institutions & Power Structures
- Health & Environmental Sociology
- Societal Change Over Time
- TECEP Introduction to Sociology Flashcards