Ch 5: CUNY Assessment Test in Writing: Sentence Structure

About This Chapter

In this chapter, you will review the language arts' concepts of subjects, predicates and clauses as well as prepositional phrases, appositive phrases and modifiers. Use these lessons to improve your writing skills in time for the CUNY Assessment Test in Writing.

CUNY Assessment Test in Writing: Sentence Structure - Chapter Summary

This series of lesson videos has been assembled to help you improve your understanding of different sentence structures so that you can then apply this knowledge to your writing technique. In this chapter, you will review:

  • Simple, complete and compound predicates
  • Compound subjects
  • Independent and dependent clauses
  • Restrictive and relative clauses
  • Prepositional phrases
  • Appositive phrases
  • Misplaced and dangling modifiers
  • Parallel structures

You may evaluate what you've learned about sentence structure by taking the quizzes that accompany each of the chapter's lessons. Study at your own pace and as often as necessary to expand your comprehension of the above topics before you sit for the City University of New York (CUNY) Assessment Test in Writing (CATW).

CUNY Assessment Test in Writing: Sentence Structure Chapter Objectives

The CATW is part of an alternative entrance exam used by CUNY to assess the writing skills of admission applicants. It includes reading, writing and mathematics sections. The Writing exam involves reading a passage and constructing a sound essay response in a 90-minute testing session. This chapter has been put together to help you review the different structures of sentences as you improve your writing skills.

16 Lessons in Chapter 5: CUNY Assessment Test in Writing: Sentence Structure
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What are Predicates? - Definition and Examples

1. What are Predicates? - Definition and Examples

A predicate is a necessary component of each sentence, so it's important to know what one is and how to identify one. This lesson goes over the basics of predicates as well as how knowing about them can help answer other grammatical questions.

What is a Simple Predicate? - Definition & Examples

2. What is a Simple Predicate? - Definition & Examples

Learning about how all the parts of a sentence work together can help you to avoid sentence errors like fragments and run-ons. Read on to discover what a simple predicate is and how it can help you write complete sentences!

What is a Complete Predicate? - Definition & Examples

3. What is a Complete Predicate? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will review what makes a sentence complete. Then, we will look closer at the two main parts of a sentence. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to identify the complete subject and the complete predicate of any sentence.

Compound Subject: Definition & Examples

4. Compound Subject: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we study the compound subject construction, a writing technique whereby multiple subjects are assigned responsibility for a common action.

Compound Predicate: Definition & Examples

5. Compound Predicate: Definition & Examples

Compound predicates help to make language more advanced. This lesson reviews not only the definition of compound predicates, but also how to identify them in sentences.

Clause: Definition & Examples

6. Clause: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you'll learn what a clause is and how to use different types of clauses to make your writing more interesting. Take a look at some examples to help understand the types.

What is a Dependent Clause? - Definition & Examples

7. What is a Dependent Clause? - Definition & Examples

Dependent clauses are one of the building blocks of language. Learn the different types of dependent clauses and how they differ from independent clauses and phrases.

Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

8. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.

Restrictive Clause: Examples & Overview

9. Restrictive Clause: Examples & Overview

In this lesson, we will define and explore the functions of the restrictive clause. Restrictive clauses provide specific and necessary information in a sentence and clarify essential details that help improve sentence meaning.

Relative Clause: Definition & Examples

10. Relative Clause: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will define and examine the relative clause. Relative clauses are adjective clauses. They provide more descriptive information about the subject or other nouns in the sentence, but they cannot stand alone.

What is a Prepositional Phrase? - Definition & Examples

11. What is a Prepositional Phrase? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will examine the prepositional phrase, a grammatical tool that acts very much like an adjective or adverb. In other words, this type of phrase provides additional information about a noun or verb. Read on to learn how it works.

Appositives & Appositive Phrases: Definition & Examples

12. Appositives & Appositive Phrases: Definition & Examples

Our language is made up many units of meaning to allow for clear communication. This lesson focuses on understanding and using one of those units: the appositive.

What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?

13. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?

I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.

What is Parallel Structure? - Definition & Examples

14. What is Parallel Structure? - Definition & Examples

This lesson will explain what parallel structure is and present examples of it. It will also provide you with direction on how to use this literary technique and how to find and fix issues with parallel structure.

Dangling Modifier: Definition & Examples

15. Dangling Modifier: Definition & Examples

Sometimes, there's a big difference between what a sentence should mean and what it actually says. One of the most common causes of this problem is known as a dangling modifier. In this lesson, we'll learn how to spot dangling modifiers and how to resolve the problems they cause.

What is a Phrase?

16. What is a Phrase?

In this lesson, we will define a phrase. We will then discuss the different kinds of phrases, look at examples of each, and then discuss how to use them correctly in writing.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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