About This Chapter
Data Collection in Psychological Research - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Researchers in the social sciences often use an assortment of methods to gain necessary information. This chapter's instructors will introduce you to those methods, in addition to helping you explore the related ethics considerations. Upon completion of this chapter, you should understand the following concepts:
- Content analysis in social research
- Observational and field research
- Secondary records and archival research
- Cross-sectional and case study design
|Using Experiments to Collect Social Research Data||Explore how researchers use experiments to collect data.|
|Elements of an Experiment in Psychology||Identify the various elements of an experiment, including hypothesis, population, sample, independent variable, dependent variable, random assignment, experimental group and control group.|
|Ethics of Psychological Experiments||Discuss the ethical considerations related to psychological experiments.|
|Using Surveys to Collect Social Research Data||Explain how interviews, surveys and questionnaires are put to use in social research data collection.|
|Using Content Analysis to Collect Social Research Data||Describe content analysis and its uses in collecting data.|
|Using Existing Statistics to Collect Social Research Data||Outline how existing statistics may be used to collect data.|
|How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data||Explain how observational and field research are put to use by social researchers.|
|Using Archival Research & Secondary Records to Collect Social Research Data||Address secondary records and archival research as means for data collection.|
|Longitudinal Designs: Definition & Examples||Discuss longitudinal designs and their place in gathering information for social research.|
|Cross-Sectional Designs: Definition & Examples||Describe cross-sectional design and tell how this may be used effectively to gather data for social research.|
|Case Study Design: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages||Compare the positives and negatives of using case studies to gain data.|
|Correlational Research in Psychology||Explore the distinction between correlation and causation.|
1. Using Experiments to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores the basic framework and definition of how an experiment is constructed using two popular social psychology experiments as examples.
2. Elements of an Experiment in Psychology
This lesson will help you to pinpoint the key elements of a psychology experiment. You'll consider how each part comes together to advance our understanding of the human mind and behavior.
3. Ethics in Psychological Experiments: Importance & Examples
What are the ethical principles of psychological research? In this lesson, you'll take a look at the careful considerations a psychologist must make with respect to her participants when she designs a test.
4. Using Surveys to Collect Social Research Data
There are many techniques to collect information from people. In this lesson, we will explore some of the ways a researcher collects data, as well as looking at some of the risks and benefits.
5. Using Content Analysis to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores what content analysis is and how a researcher can use this technique to explore and collect social data. An explanation of how to use this technique to explore the psychology of other times is also explored.
6. Using Existing Statistics to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explains the primary places a researcher can collect social data from others instead of collecting it themselves. The lesson also reminds researchers of a major pitfall in using other's data.
7. How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data
Psychologists have many different options for where and how to do research. Watch this video to learn more about the difference in field and lab research and the advantages and disadvantages of observational research
8. Using Archival Research & Secondary Records to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores the idea of what happens when researchers already have information and data that they can study. You'll get the chance to look at descriptions of archival and meta-analysis research.
9. Longitudinal Designs: Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses the uses and procedures in running a longitudinal design. In addition, we also explore some of the benefits and issues that can occur when using such a design.
10. Cross-Sectional Designs: Definition & Examples
This lesson explores the process and requirements in using a cross-sectional design. Two examples are used, one common and one uncommon, to demonstrate how cross-sectional designs can be used in quasi-experiments.
11. Case Study Design: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
Often, research involves looking at large numbers of people. But sometimes, researchers want to look at just a few people in-depth. In this lesson, we'll examine case studies and their strengths and limitations.
12. Correlational Research: Definition, Purpose & Examples
This lesson explores, with the help of two examples, the basic idea of what a correlation is, the general purpose of using correlational research, and how a researcher might use it in a study.
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Other chapters within the Psychology: High School course
- History of Modern Psychology
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- Statistics in Psychological Research
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- Abnormal Psychology Basics
- Theories of Abnormal Psychology
- Abnormal Disorders in Psychology
- Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Psychology