About This Chapter
Data Collection Techniques in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Collecting data is essential to forming the basis for psychological research. The methods used to collect data can vary widely. These methods are the focus of this chapter. You will learn how different sources may be used to collect data to use during research or to form a foundation for a research study. Lessons will help you to identify the sources that may be used when conducting research and help you to see what options are available for a research study. Some of the things you will learn about include:
- The use of experiments in research
- Survey use in research
- Data content analysis
- The use of existing statistics in research
- Observational research
- The use of secondary records in research
|Experiments||See how experiments can be used to collect information in social research.|
|Surveys||Learn how surveys, like interviews and questionnaires, can be used to collect data in social research.|
|Content Analysis||Study how content analysis is used to collect data in social research.|
|Existing Statistics||Find out how existing statistics are used to collect data in social research.|
|How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data||Take a look at how observational (field) research is used to collect data in social research.|
|Archival Research and Secondary Records||Analyze how archival research or secondary records are used to collect data in social research.|
1. Using Experiments to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores the basic framework and definition of how an experiment is constructed using two popular social psychology experiments as examples.
2. Using Surveys to Collect Social Research Data
There are many techniques to collect information from people. In this lesson, we will explore some of the ways a researcher collects data, as well as looking at some of the risks and benefits.
3. Using Content Analysis to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores what content analysis is and how a researcher can use this technique to explore and collect social data. An explanation of how to use this technique to explore the psychology of other times is also explored.
4. Using Existing Statistics to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explains the primary places a researcher can collect social data from others instead of collecting it themselves. The lesson also reminds researchers of a major pitfall in using other's data.
5. How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data
Psychologists have many different options for where and how to do research. Watch this video to learn more about the difference in field and lab research and the advantages and disadvantages of observational research
6. Using Archival Research & Secondary Records to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores the idea of what happens when researchers already have information and data that they can study. You'll get the chance to look at descriptions of archival and meta-analysis research.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 105: Research Methods in Psychology course
- Introduction to Research Methods
- Principles of Ethical Research
- Setting Up the Research Study
- Nonexperimental Research
- Qualitative Research Methods and Design
- Quasi-Experimental Research
- Sampling and Generalization
- Measurement in Research
- Internal Validity in Research
- External Validity
- Experimental Design
- Descriptive Statistics in Psychology
- Inferential Statistics in Psychology
- Evaluating Research Findings
- Studying for Psychology 105