About This Chapter
Data Collection Techniques in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Collecting data is essential to forming the basis for psychological research. The methods used to collect data can vary widely. These methods are the focus of this chapter. You will learn how different sources may be used to collect data to use during research or to form a foundation for a research study. Lessons will help you to identify the sources that may be used when conducting research and help you to see what options are available for a research study. Some of the things you will learn about include:
- The use of experiments in research
- Survey use in research
- Data content analysis
- The use of existing statistics in research
- Observational research
- The use of secondary records in research
|Experiments||See how experiments can be used to collect information in social research.|
|Surveys||Learn how surveys, like interviews and questionnaires, can be used to collect data in social research.|
|Content Analysis||Study how content analysis is used to collect data in social research.|
|Existing Statistics||Find out how existing statistics are used to collect data in social research.|
|How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data||Take a look at how observational (field) research is used to collect data in social research.|
|Archival Research and Secondary Records||Analyze how archival research or secondary records are used to collect data in social research.|
1. Using Experiments to Collect Social Research Data
Social research data is frequently collected using Experiments, a controlled situation which measures effects of causality between variables. Learn the basics of experiments and data collection through examples in social research.
2. Using Surveys to Collect Social Research Data
Surveys collect social research data covering a specific topic through a short interview. Learn about this method of social research, as well as how it differs from other methods like questionnaires and interviews.
3. Using Content Analysis to Collect Social Research Data
The technique of drawing inferences of data in both quantity and content is known as content analysis. Learn how to recognize the significant aspects of data in the content analysis, as well as the data collection involved in social research.
4. Using Existing Statistics to Collect Social Research Data
Social research methods often analyze previously collected data, which is known as using existing statistics. Discover the use of prior research, program evaluation strategies, and caution that should be taken when using externally sourced data.
5. How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data
Observational and field research are used to collect data by performing research in the real world and watching people's actions. Explore research design and aspects of field and observational research.
6. Using Archival Research & Secondary Records to Collect Social Research Data
Social researchers typically prefer to use primary data for research projects because it is regarded as more valid and reliable. But sometimes primary data is unavailable or insufficient and social researchers must seek other data sources. Learn about the processes for using archival research and secondary records, including meta-analysis, to collect social research data.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 105: Research Methods in Psychology course
- Introduction to Research Methods
- Principles of Ethical Research
- Setting Up the Research Study
- Nonexperimental Research
- Qualitative Research Methods and Design
- Quasi-Experimental Research
- Sampling and Generalization
- Measurement in Research
- Internal Validity in Research
- External Validity
- Experimental Design
- Descriptive Statistics in Psychology
- Inferential Statistics in Psychology
- Evaluating Research Findings
- Studying for Psychology 105