About This Chapter
Decontamination & Infection Control for Health Professionals - Chapter Summary
This chapter contains expertly taught nursing lessons that examine precautions, guidelines and procedures for decontamination and infection control. You'll take a look at the importance of decontamination, different types of infection control precautions and the functions of antimicrobials, as well as antibiotics as compared to antimicrobials. The chapter is entirely self-paced, and we've included short quizzes to help you solidify your understanding of important nursing terms. You can use any Internet-connected device to study, and by the end of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the use of selective digestive decontamination in intensive care
- Recognize the three levels of decontamination
- Explain why decontamination is important in hospital settings
- Summarize several decontamination and emergency decontamination procedures
- Understand guidelines pertaining to universal precautions in infection control
- Differentiate between standard precautions and universal precautions in infection control
- Evaluate the applications of standard precautions in nursing
- Compare types of transmission-based precautions
- Tell the difference between antibacterials and antimicrobials
- Outline the history of antibiotics and antimicrobials
- Identify antimicrobial drug side effects
- Assess the medical contributions of Ignaz Semmelweis
- Define the terms 'antibiotic prophylaxis,' 'body substance isolation' and 'ferric subsulfate solutions'
1. Selective Digestive Decontamination in Intensive Care
Selective digestive decontamination is a potentially life-saving strategy that is often used for critically ill patients in intensive care. Learn all about selective digestive decontamination, including why and how it is used.
2. What are the Three Levels of Decontamination in Infection Control?
You've been charged with make sure a piece of medical equipment has been properly decontaminated. How do you choose the method of decontamination? Read this lesson to find out!
3. Decontamination at the Hospital: Importance & Types
Hospital-based decontamination includes patients, rooms, and equipment. This lesson will discuss the importance and types of decontamination at a hospital.
4. Decontamination Procedures: Chemical, Hazmat & Equipment
Decontamination is an important part of community, medical, and health safety. This lesson will discuss chemical, hazmat, and equipment decontamination.
5. Emergency Decontamination: Definition & Procedures
Healthcare workers work closely with many possibly infectious substances such as blood and other bodily fluids. Learn about what to do if these substances get on the skin, clothes, or work areas of healthcare professionals.
6. Universal Precautions in Infection Control: Definition & Guidelines
In this lesson we will learn the definition of Universal Precautions, see how it relates to infection control, and examine its implications in the workplace.
7. Universal Precautions vs. Standard Precautions in Infection Control
When working in healthcare, it is important to use precautions to prevent the spread of infection and to protect yourself from being infected. In this lesson, you'll learn the difference between universal precautions and standard precautions.
8. Standard Precautions in Nursing: Definition & Application
Standard precautions are the cornerstone of infection prevention and are to be used by every nurse for every patient every time. This lesson defines standard precautions and gives practical applications for nursing staff.
9. Transmission-Based Precautions: Definition, Types & Examples
What precautions should you use when coming in contact with different diseases? In this lesson, we will learn about different types of transmission-based precautions.
10. Antimicrobial vs. Antibacterial
This lesson will define antimicrobial and antibacterial. You'll learn how the two terms are similar and how their definitions, while at surface value are easy, are a bit more nuanced than most people assume.
11. History of Antimicrobials & Antibiotics
In this lesson we will learn the difference between antibiotics and antimicrobials as well as their history, who first discovered them and how these drugs were originally derived.
12. Side Effects of Antimicrobial Drugs
This lesson is going to list some of the many side effects seen with antimicrobial drugs in general. We're going to break them into more common and/or less serious side effects and into the rare and more serious ones.
13. Ignaz Semmelweis: Biography, Contribution to Medicine & Quotes
This lesson goes over the life and work of a largely forgotten man, Ignaz Semmelweis. But his contribution to medicine should be at the forefront of every expectant mother's mind.
14. Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Definition & Guidelines
Probably all of us have taken antibiotics for an infection. However, in some cases antibiotics are given when you don't have an infection. This lesson provides further details and example scenarios about antibiotic prophylaxis.
15. Body Substance Isolation: Definition, Equipment & Procedures
Infection control in the healthcare system has continuously evolved throughout the years. In this lesson, we will learn about body substance isolation practices.
16. Ferric Subsulfate Solution: Definition & Uses
Ferric subsulfate solution is also known as Monsel's solution and astringyn. This lesson will discuss the definition and uses of ferric subsulfate solution.
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