About This Chapter
Design Elements & Symbols - Chapter Summary
If you are interested in gaining a better understanding of design elements and symbols without taking traditional classes, you've reached the right place! This online chapter offers entertaining lessons you can access from home or anywhere with an Internet connection. Learn about corbels in architecture, the triquetra and other elements and symbols at your own pace. When ready, test your knowledge of this subject by taking lesson quizzes and a practice exam. Completing this chapter will enable you to:
- Define and discuss the uses of corbels in architecture
- Describe styles of cornices in architecture
- Discuss the history of the triquetra
- Explain the design and history of the quatrefoil
1. What are Corbels in Architecture? - Definition & Uses
When decorating, designers add decorative features that mimic architectural supports from older houses. One feature is a corbel, which is usually a triangle shaped piece of metal or wood designed to assist in holding up a beam or part of a wall.
2. Triquetra: Definition & History
Some symbols are used by many different cultures. Have you ever heard of an Irish Trinity Knot? In this lesson, explore the history of an ancient symbol called the triquetra.
3. Quatrefoil: Definition, Design & History
Have you ever found a four-leaf clover? Did it bring you good luck? Its shape recalls a design element called a quatrefoil. In this lesson, learn about the history of the quatrefoil.
4. What is a Cyclorama? - Definition & Buildings
Have you ever stood in the middle of a drama as it unfolded around you? You would if you entered a painted cyclorama. In this lesson, learn the definition of a cyclorama and explore some examples.
5. Trefoil in Architecture: Definition & Design
Trefoils have been used as symbols and imagery for thousands of years. In this lesson, learn about the origins of the trefoil and its role in architecture.
6. Acanthus Leaves: Architecture, Design & Symbolism
Have you ever seen carved leaves used as building decorations? They might have been acanthus leaves. In this lesson, explore the meaning and use of the acanthus leaf in architecture.
7. Finials: Definition, Design & Types
Have you ever noticed an interesting decoration on the very tip of a tower or flagpole? You might have been looking at a finial. In this lesson, explore what a finial is and how this architectural element is used.
8. What is a Spandrel?
In old buildings, the triangular area between arches is sometimes highly decorated. In skyscrapers, horizontal shapes or beams sometimes denote sections between floors. What do these have in common? In this lesson, explore spandrels in architecture.
9. Marquetry: Definition, Techniques & Design
Can you make a picture with many small pieces of wood? Have you ever seen a table with an intricate wooden design on its surface? In this lesson, learn about marquetry, what it is and how to do it.
10. Facade in Architecture: Definition & Design
Have you ever paid attention to the front of a building? Was it welcoming, imposing, or dramatic? You might have been reacting to the design of its facade. In this lesson, explore what a facade is in architecture.
11. What is a Baptismal Font? - Definition & Design
There are many parts of a Christian church, each with symbolic and ritualistic function. In this lesson, we'll explore the baptismal font, and see how this item came to be.
12. Guilloche: Definition, Design & Architecture
Architecture is about more than structural support; it's also about design. In this lesson, we'll look at a popular form of architectural ornamentation, and check out some examples.
13. Cartouche in Architecture: Definition & Examples
Have you ever looked up at a building and noticed a decorative, framed oval over a door or entrance? It might have been a cartouche. In this lesson, find out what a cartouche is, and how they're used in architecture.
14. What is a Beehive Oven? - History & Method
Have you ever baked a loaf of bread? What if you had to make your oven and heat it with fire before using it? In this lesson, learn about the history and use of beehive ovens.
15. Iconostasis: Definition, History & Designs
In this lesson, learn about a characteristic art piece of the Orthodox and Eastern Christian churches: the iconostasis. Discover the history of this board of religious images, and explore some common elements that are included in its designs.
16. Greek, Byzantine & Russian Iconostases
In this lesson, we explore the evolution of iconostases in the Byzantine Empire and examine how they developed in Russia and Greece. Also, we learn about the similarities and differences of the pieces found in these regions.
17. Arabesque Designs & Patterns: Islamic & Western
Have you ever drawn a curving, decorative line? Similar winding lines are found in a design called an arabesque. In this lesson, explore Islamic and Western variations of the arabesque.
18. What is a Dwarf Gallery in Architecture?
Some architectural features are purely structural, while others are not. In this lesson, we are going to check out the dwarf gallery and see how it's been used in architectural history.
19. Exedra & Mihrab: Definitions & Designs
Even different architectural forms can share similar backgrounds. In this lesson, we'll check out the history of exedrae and mihrabs, and see how they've been used in architecture.
20. Acroterion: Definition & Architecture
There were many parts to a Greek temple, but not all were structural. In this lesson, we are going to check out the acroterion and see how it was used by ancient architects.
21. Palmette Design: Egyptian, Greek & Roman
The palmette is one of the most ubiquitous symbols of the ancient world, but what does it mean? In this lesson, we'll explore the significance and history of this common motif.
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Other chapters within the Architectural Design & History course