About This Chapter
Standard: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence, conveying a clear and distinct perspective, such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning, alternative or opposing perspectives are addressed, and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and a range of formal and informal tasks. (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.4).
About This Chapter
Students who understand the concepts identified in this standard are able to create a speech that has a clear perspective and well-developed style that meets the needs of an audience. They can gather supporting evidence, write a clear thesis and organize a presentation that attracts and maintains the audience's attention. Students should have a clear understanding of all the parts of a speech and be able to develop a speech that includes all of those components.
Some of the concepts covered in these lessons include:
- Importance of introductions and conclusions in a speech
- Methods for getting the audience's attention
- Components of an introduction to a speech
- Outlines for the main parts of a speech
- Components of the conclusion to a speech
- Importance of transitions
Students have mastery of this standard when they can create effective introductions and conclusions for a speech. They can outline the key points that need to be conveyed to an audience and can use that outline to write the body of the speech. They know how to formulate a speech that grabs the audience's attention and uses transitions to connect key points they want to get across to the audience.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the standard:
Lessons on Parts of a Speech
Read a speech in class after watching lessons on parts of a speech. Ask students to identify the different parts that make up the speech's introduction and conclusion. Quiz students on which part of the speech was used to get the attention of the audience and have them list the main points of the speech.
Lessons on Getting Audience Attention
Watch video lessons on grabbing the audience's attention in class then divide students into small groups. Ask each group to brainstorm methods for getting the attention of the audience and choose the one they feel would work the best. Have each group present their winning attention-grabbing method to the rest of the class and let the class decide which group's method is the most effective.
Lessons on Developing the Body of a Speech
Assign students to write an outline for the main points of a speech they'll give at a later date. Ask students to use the principles of subordination and coordination discussed in the video lesson on speech body development. Provide feedback on the outlines that students can use to write the main body of their speech.
1. The Importance of Introductions & Conclusions for Speeches
You may think that after writing your main points it's okay to just throw together an introduction and a conclusion. Not true! In this lesson, you will learn about the role and importance of writing a strong introduction and conclusion.
2. Speech Introductions: Role & Components
A speech introduction should give a good first impression, get your audience's attention, establish credibility, and prepare your audience for the content of the speech. In this lesson, you'll learn about the essential components of an introduction.
3. Grabbing the Audience's Attention: Methods & Tips
Attention getting devices are a good way to start your speech, capture the audience's attention, and give a good first impression. This lesson discusses the different types of attention getting devices.
4. Developing the Body of a Speech: Outline & Principles
Developing the body of a speech can be a time-consuming process and a critical part of outlining. This lesson will help you understand the principles of outlining the body of your speech.
5. Speech Conclusions: Role & Components
The conclusion of your speech is the last thing the audience will hear. Therefore, it is important to understand the role and components of a conclusion.
6. Effective Transitions in a Speech: Creation & Importance
An important, yet often overlooked, component of a speech is the transition sentences that move the speaker from one point to the next. Learn how to create these sentences.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Participate in Discussion: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1
- Groups, Goals and Roles: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1
- Use Multiple Sources of Information: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.2
- Evaluate Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.3
- Style of a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Presenting to an Audience: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Supporting Material: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Organization of a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Use Digital Media: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.5
- Communicate in Multiple Contexts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.6