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Ch 8: Development & Fall of European Civilizations

About This Chapter

Use the following online videos to gain an understanding of the roots of Greek and Roman societies. Learn about government, culture and major figures that shaped the eras in which Greece and Rome thrived.

Development & Fall of European Civilizations - Chapter Summary

Through a series of engaging video lessons, instructors provide students with an overview of Greek and Roman civilizations. This survey spans the first organization of Greek and Roman societies to their peak and later decline in influence. You'll learn about how Greeks and Romans were governed. You'll be able to identify the things that contributed to the success and failure of these civilizations, from Athenian democracy to Constantine's conversion to Christianity. By the time you complete this chapter, you'll should be able to:

  • Discuss the evolution of Greek city-states and governments
  • Identify key figures such as Julius Caesar and Cleisthenes and their accomplishments
  • Name and describe Roman institutions
  • Talk about the role of Christianity in the Roman Empire
  • Describe how Augustus Cesar led the early Roman Empire
  • Discuss the causes and effects of the Dark Ages
  • Describe the influence of the Catholic Church on the Byzantine Empire

Our instructors' teaching styles makes it convenient to pick up the knowledge you need, no matter how long it's been since you've sat in a brick and mortar classroom. Video lessons are supplemented by full-text transcripts, and lessons are tagged so that you can jump around to study the content you need; tagged content leads directly to more detailed information. This is a fully self-paced learning opportunity where you can take the time you need to familiarize yourself with this content.

11 Lessons in Chapter 8: Development & Fall of European Civilizations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

1. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.

Greek City-States and Governments

2. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

3. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

4. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

5. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

6. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.

Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis

7. Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis

This lesson will explain the 3rd Century Crisis of the Roman Empire. It will focus on the political, civil and economic problems that caused the crisis, and will also highlight the role of Diocletian in the resolution of the crisis.

The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

8. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.

The Fall of Rome

9. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture

10. The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture

This lesson explores the loss of classical culture during the Dark Ages. We compare the life of a medieval peasant to that of a Roman pleb. We then examine the causes of this decline, as well as its repercussions.

Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines

11. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines

The Roman Empire covered a vast area, and when it fell, its people were in danger of losing their civilization. This lesson explores some of the things that remained as the Empire fell, as well as how they affected Roman citizens.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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