Ch 9: Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood

About This Chapter

Watch online psychology video lessons and learn about fast mapping, early childhood education, the role of play and more. These engaging lessons are just a portion of our online study guide and video collection.

Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Use the lessons in this chapter to study the incredible rate of brain development and physical growth occurring in children between two and seven years of age. Instructors can show you some of the safety concerns resulting from their new-found mobility and help you explore influences on language development you might not have previously considered, such as gender and socioeconomic status. You can also learn the steps by which children come to understand change and process multiple pieces of information at a time. Lessons in this chapter are designed to introduce you to the following:

  • Physical and motor development
  • Nutritional changes and safety concerns
  • Benefits of play and early childhood education
  • Stages of cognitive development in young children
  • Perspectives and influences on language development

Video Objectives
Physical Development in Early Childhood Outline the physical growth, motor development and brain development that occurs during early childhood.
Nutrition, Health and Safety in Early Childhood Explore nutritional needs in early childhood alongside methods for treating obesity. Identify safety concerns and get tips for preventing accidents among young children.
Piaget's Preoperational Stage and Symbolic Thought Study the concepts of symbolic thought, conservation, centration, irreversibility and egocentrism.
The Effects of Environment and Culture on Language Development Understand behaviorist and interactionist perspectives on language development. Differentiate between referential and expressive styles of language learning and identify environmental characteristics impacting language development.
The Nativist Perspective and Language Development Assess the pros and cons associated with the nativist theory of language development.
Early Childhood Education: Programs and Benefits Outline various early childhood education programs, including Head Start and pre-school, and discuss the benefits of early childhood education.
Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration Study examples of cognitive development in the areas of centration, decentration and conservation.
How Children Understand Change: Reversibility, Transformation Thought & Static Thought Learn about the changes in thinking associated with reversibility, static reasoning and transformative reasoning.
The Role of Play in Cognitive Development Understand the benefits of pretend, motor, social and constructive play in children's cognitive development.
Fast Mapping: Carey's & Bartlett's Study and the Relation to Extended Mapping Discover how fast mapping and extended mapping relates to the acquisition of new vocabulary.

10 Lessons in Chapter 9: Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Physical Development in Early Childhood

1. Physical Development in Early Childhood

Between the ages of two and seven, children grow and develop dramatically. Watch this lesson to look at some of the physical developments in early childhood, including balance, fine motor coordination and brain development.

Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

2. Nutrition, Health, and Safety in Early Childhood

As children grow and develop, so do threats to their health. From nutrition and childhood obesity to accidents, this lesson will explore the issues that face children in early childhood and what parents can do to deal with them.

Piaget's Preoperational Stage and Symbolic Thought

3. Piaget's Preoperational Stage and Symbolic Thought

Psychologist Jean Piaget formed much of the theory of childhood development that we still use today. Here, we'll examine Piaget's preoperational stage of development, from ages two to four, and the changes in thinking that happen during this time.

The Effects of Environment and Culture on Language Development

4. The Effects of Environment and Culture on Language Development

Both environmental and cultural factors have an impact on early language development. This lesson will provide examples to consider and discuss possible reasons for this impact.

The Nativist Perspective and Language Development

5. The Nativist Perspective and Language Development

In this lesson, learn how we develop language according to the nativist perspective. Discover Noam Chomsky's idea of the language acquisition device (LAD) and its role in this process.

Early Childhood Education: Programs and Benefits

6. Early Childhood Education: Programs and Benefits

Many children go to preschool or Head Start as part of their early childhood. In this lesson, we'll look at what early childhood education is and two developmental reasons why it can be beneficial: brain development and the zone of proximal development.

Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

7. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

As children grow, so do their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning. Watch this lesson to learn about how young children develop cognitively, including the key cognitive concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation.

How Children Understand Change: Reversibility, Transformation Thought & Static Thought

8. How Children Understand Change: Reversibility, Transformation Thought & Static Thought

Children think in very different ways than adults do. As they develop in early childhood, their reasoning about change also develops as they come to understand the world better. Watch this lesson for a closer look at how children think about change.

The Role of Play in Cognitive Development

9. The Role of Play in Cognitive Development

When we think of childhood, we often think of playing. But did you know that playing is vital to a child's healthy development? In this lesson, we will learn about the various types of play that aid a child's cognitive growth.

Fast Mapping: Carey's & Bartlett's Study and the Relation to Extended Mapping

10. Fast Mapping: Carey's & Bartlett's Study and the Relation to Extended Mapping

Have you ever noticed how quickly children learn new vocabulary words? In a matter of a few years, a child can learn thousands of new words. In this lesson, we'll look at the way vocabulary is acquired, including fast and extended mapping.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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