About This Chapter
Development in the Adolescence Years - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our professional instructors cover the many forms of growth and development that young people go through during the years of adolescence. You'll examine physical, mental and social changes that occur during this stage of life.
The video lessons also refresh your memory of the varied factors that affect adolescent development. You will take a look at the different experiences of females and males, as well. After studying the chapter's lessons, you should be able to:
- Describe physical growth and sexual development in adolescents
- Understand cognitive development and changes that occur in adolescence
- Discuss adolescent social development and identity formation
- Explain David Elkind's theory of adolescent egocentrism
- Recognize how gender, peers, and school affect adolescent development
- Identify mental illnesses that may impact children and adolescents
- Describe the adjustment difficulties adolescents face
- Explain how families influence adolescents' personal values
To check your understanding of these adolescent development topics, you can take our short multiple-choice quizzes that accompany each lesson. Before you do, however, be sure to take advantage of the multiple tools we offer to enhance your study time. After watching a video lesson all the way through, use our video tags to go back and review major points. We also provide transcripts with our lessons, and many of them contain links to text lessons with more details about key terms.
1. Physical Growth in Adolescence
Adolescents go through many physical changes. Watch this lesson to find out some of the physical developments that happen during adolescence, including those related to puberty, growth spurts and gender differences in growth.
2. Sexual Development and Maturation of the Adolescent
In this lesson, explore the changes that take place during puberty. You will meet Dick and Jane as they experience these changes, and you will be able to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
3. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
4. Changes in Cognitive Development During Adolescence
Adolescence is a period of great change. Changes in the way teenagers think can cause them to do things like argue with adults. Watch this lesson for more information on the cognitive changes that occur in adolescence.
5. Social Development of Adolescents: Identity
Adolescents often go through a process of discovering what they believe and who they are. In this lesson, we will examine how a teenager develops his or her self concept and identity. We will also take a look at common factors that influence a teen's identity.
6. Elkind's Theory of Adolescent Egocentrism
Parents of teenagers often complain that their kids are self-centered. In this lesson, we'll examine psychologist David Elkind's theory of adolescent egocentrism, including what it is and how it impacts the way teenagers think.
7. Gender Differences in Adolescent Development
Adolescence is a time of growth and change. Some of these changes are different in boys and girls, though. In this lesson, we'll examine gender differences in emotional and brain development during adolescence.
8. Peers, Schools, and Adolescent Development
Adolescence is a time of change for most people. In this lesson, we'll look at the changes that occur in adolescence, including why peer groups become so important to teenagers and how school affects development.
9. Mental Health Development During Childhood and Adolescence
Some mental illnesses can show up at any point in a person's life, but some first occur during specific stages of lifespan development. In this lesson, we'll look closer at some disorders that appear in childhood, adolescence, and old age.
10. Problems with Adjustment in Adolescence
Adolescence is a time of lots of changes, which can cause a lot of stress in a teen's life. In this lesson, we'll look at adjustment and maladaptive behaviors in adolescence, including how each manifests in teens' lives.
11. Family Values and Relationships in Adolescence
During adolescence, teens begin to figure out who they are and what their beliefs are. In this lesson, we'll look at how family values and relationships with family members can influence adolescents' individual values and development.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MCAT Test: Practice and Study Guide course
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry
- Enzymes and Metabolism
- The Transcription and Translation Process
- The Molecular & Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
- Genetic Variation, Control & Reproduction
- Developmental Mechanisms
- Mendelian Concepts
- Genetic Variability & Mutation
- Analytic Methods in Genetics
- Evolution & Natural Selection
- Development of Vertebrates
- Thermochemistry & Thermodynamics
- Glycolysis, Gluconeogenesis & Metabolic Regulation
- Kinetics and Equilibrium
- Cell Structure, Functions & Processes
- Virus Structure & Life Cycle
- Prokaryotic Cells
- Cell Biology & Cell Cycle
- Nerve, Muscle & Specialized Cell Types
- Endocrine System: Hormones & Mechanisms of Hormone Action
- Nervous System: Structure, Function & Sensory Reception
- Circulatory System Overview
- Lymphatic System
- Immune System: Innate and Adaptive Systems
- Digestive System Functions & Organs
- Urinary Systems & Structures
- Muscle and Skeletal Systems
- Respiratory System
- Skin System
- Human Reproductive Systems
- Reproductive Sequence
- Translational Motion
- Force, Motion & Gravitation
- Equilibrium and Momentum
- Work and Energy
- Principles of Fluids
- Gas Laws
- Electrostatics & Magnetism
- Electronic Circuit Elements
- Light & Geometrical Optics
- Atomic Structure and Components
- Atomic Nucleus
- Electronic Structure
- Trends of the Periodic Table
- Stoichiometric Calculations
- Acids and Bases Overview
- Solution Chemistry
- Molecular Bonding
- Phase Equilibria
- Basic Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques
- Sensory Processes & Theories
- Human Senses
- Human Attention & Cognition
- States of Human Consciousness
- Characterizing Language Development
- Genetics, Evolution & Environmental Influences on Behavior
- Prenatal Development & Birth
- Principles of Motor Development, Learning & Control
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Motivation Types and Sources
- Attitude Types and Theories
- Types of Social Groups & Organizations
- Theories of Deviance & Social Control
- Learning and Conditioning
- Understanding the Self
- Prejudice & Discrimination
- Social Behavior
- Social Structure
- Families, Religions & Schools as Social Institutions
- Political & Economic Systems
- Health and Medicine
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Population and Migration
- Sex and Gender Roles
- Social Status
- Principles & Procedures in Scientific Research
- Scientific Basics & Theories
- Scientific Experiments & Data Analysis
- MCAT Test Flashcards