Ch 5: Development of Europe - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Refresh your understanding of significant facets of the development of Europe by reviewing this chapter. By studying these lessons, you will be better prepared for the history questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam.

Development of Europe: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Summary

The video lessons in this chapter feature topics pertaining to Greece, Rome, the Crusades, and the historical development of Europe. Studying these topics will give you the knowledge necessary to answer history questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam. Topics covered in these lessons include:

  • Sparta and Greek city-states
  • Reforms of Solon and Cleisthenes, and the development of Athenian democracy
  • Pericles and the Athenian Golden Age
  • The development, rise, and death of the Roman Republic
  • The reasons for the fall of Rome
  • Medieval Europe and the Catholic Church
  • The Crusades
  • Black Death and the Little Ice Age
  • The Hundred Years' War

These lessons are led by expert instructors who will be available to assist you should you have any questions. Having the support of knowledgeable instructors will help you be more confident in your ability to answer questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam.

Development of Europe: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Objectives

One of the objectives for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam is to utilize knowledge of the growth and decline of medieval European culture. This objective is found within the history domain of questions, which account for 50% of the questions on the test. The video lessons of this chapter will help expand your understanding of significant events and cultural aspects of medieval Europe, and they'll enhance your chances of choosing the correct answer from among the exam's multiple-choice questions.

14 Lessons in Chapter 5: Development of Europe - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Greek City-States and Governments

1. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

History of Sparta

2. History of Sparta

In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.

Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

3. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

4. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

5. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

6. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

7. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Fall of Rome

8. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

The Role of the Catholic Church in Medieval Europe

9. The Role of the Catholic Church in Medieval Europe

More than any other force, the medieval Church held Europe together. This lesson details some of the ways that the Church was able to not only maintain control but also to expand its finances and its artistic endeavors.

The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

10. The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

This lesson covers the motivations of Pope Urban II in calling for the crusade at Clermont and at the religious and secular motivations of European laymen. We will also look at the startling success of the first crusade.

The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

11. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.

Results and Impact of the Crusades

12. Results and Impact of the Crusades

This lesson explores the results and impact of the Crusades. We examine the social impact, the political impact and the economic impact of three centuries of crusading.

The Little Ice Age and the Black Death

13. The Little Ice Age and the Black Death

Fourteenth century Europe experienced a devastating population decline due to a climate cooling, famine, and the plague. This lesson explores how these factors occurred and their impact on Europe.

The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France

14. The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France

The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France between 1337 and 1453. This lesson explores what led to the conflict and some of the decisive battles of the war.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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