About This Chapter
Development of Functionalism - Chapter Summary
Our fun chapter introduces you to the psychologists who contributed to the development of the study of functionalism, as well as some of the major theories associated with this subject. As a test prep exercise, take the lesson quizzes to see how well you understand these topics ahead of a big exam. Our printable transcripts make helpful study guides you can use to review this material at your convenience. If you prefer to study online, use this chapter on any mobile device or computer at any time. These lessons help you understand the following:
- The theory of social Darwinism
- What Samuel Butler and Herman Hollerith contributed to the evolution of machines
- The theories of William James
- How functionalism views gender roles and inequality
- The biography of G. Stanley Hall
- How structuralism and functionalism differ
- The research and psychologists of The Chicago School of Psychology
- The definition of psychodynamic psychology
1. Herbert Spencer: Theory & Social Darwinism
Herbert Spencer was one of the leading sociologists of his time and was an influencer of the structural-functionalist perspective. Learn more about the man who coined the phrase 'survival of the fittest' and understand the positive and negative aspects of social Darwinism.
2. The Evolution of Machines & Psychology: Samuel Butler & Herman Hollerith
In this lesson, we'll see how innovative thinkers like Samuel Butler and Herman Hollerith helped psychologists connect the dots between thinking machines and human psychology.
3. William James & Psychology: Theories, Overview
Often referred to as 'The Father of American Psychology,' William James was one of the first prominent American psychologists. His ideas on how the human mind functions led to his development and influence on the budding field of psychology here in the United States.
4. Functionalist Perspective of Inequality & Gender Roles
In this lesson, we'll go over functionalism, which argues that mental states are determined by the function of a behavior. We'll also discuss how feminist psychologists disputed claims that women are biologically inferior to men.
5. G. Stanley Hall: Biography, Theory & Contributions
Here we will talk about one of the great American pioneers of social science whose work was paramount in establishing psychology, and especially child psychology, as distinct fields in American academia.
6. Structuralism v. Functionalism in Psychology
Did you know that structuralism and functionalism are considered the first two schools of thought in the field of psychology? In this lesson, we will discuss structuralism, how it differs from functionalism, and some of the thinkers who spearheaded them both.
7. The Chicago School of Functionalism: Psychologists & Research
John Dewey, James Rowland Angell, and Harvey Carr were scientists who helped found the Chicago school of functionalism as a research focus in the study of psychology. In this lesson, we'll discuss the school and the contributions of these men.
8. Psychodynamic Psychology: Definition & Explanation
Psychodynamic psychology began with Sigmund Freud, but, over time, his theory of psychoanalysis gave birth to revised perspectives among people who styled themselves Neo-Freudians. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of key Neo-Freudians and how they revised Freud's ideas.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 312: History and Systems of Psychology course
- Studying the History of Psychology
- Philosophical Influences on Psychology
- Physiological Influences on Psychology
- Women & Minorities in Psychology
- The New Psychology
- Structuralism in Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Functionalism
- Applied Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Behaviorism
- Development of Behaviorism
- Evolution of Behaviorism
- Gestalt Psychology
- Important Theories in Psychoanalysis
- Contemporary Developments in Psychology
- Required Assignment for Psychology 312
- Studying for Psychology 312