About This Chapter
Development of Religions - Chapter Summary
This chapter addresses the founding of the world's major religions. Through our informative and enjoyable lessons you will gain a deeper understanding of what religion is, and of major religious traditions including Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. Important religious leaders will be introduced and religious belief systems will be explained clearly and concisely. Among the lessons will be:
- Definition of religion and theories of religion origins
- Origins of Hinduism
- Development of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taosim
- The founding principles of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
- Primal and Meso-American religions
Subject-matter experts develop and teach our brief informative video and text lessons. You have the option of skipping to any point in the video lessons by utilizing the timeline feature. This enables you to pick exactly what topic you wish to view. You may also read the full transcript accompanying each lesson. After you feel confident, take the self-assessment quiz which will help you gauge how well you have retained what you've studied.
1. What Is Religion? - Definition & Role in Society
This lesson will focus on the traits of religion. Using the works of Tillich and Noss, it will highlight religion's belief in the supernatural, its inclusion of a moral code, and its use of prescribed ritual acts.
2. Theories on the Origins of Religion: Overview
This lesson will explore the many theories on the origins of religion. In doing so, it will highlight the works of Kant, Muller, Frazer, Marx and Freud. It will also explain animism and nature worship.
3. Primal Religions: Types & Practices
This lesson will explore the many traits of the primal religions of past and present. In doing so, it will highlight animism, totemism and the use of shamans in the primal religions of the world.
4. Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History
This lesson will explore the religion of ancient Sumer and its Akkadian empire. In doing this, it will highlight the Sumerian pantheon, their ziggurats, and their belief in the afterlife.
5. The Origins of Hinduism: the Indus River Valley & the Harappa Culture
This lesson will seek to explain the origins of Hinduism. Highlighting the Harappa culture and the Vedic period, it will also explore the Hindu beliefs in Moksha and Brahman.
6. Gautama Buddha: The Founding of Buddhism
This lesson will explore the founding of Buddhism and the life of Siddhartha Gautama. It will also highlight nirvana, asceticism, the concept of a bodhisattva, and the Bodhi tree.
7. The Founding of Confucianism: Overview & Influence
This lesson will explain the origins of Confucianism by highlighting the life and times of Master Kung, known today as Confucius. In doing so, it will focus on feudalism in China as well as the principle of jen.
8. The Origins of Taoism: History, the Uncarved Block & Tao-Te Ching
This lesson will seek to explain the rather nebulous founding of Taoism. In doing so, it will explore the concepts of the Tao and the Pu, while also highlighting the role Lao-tzu played in the formation of this ancient Eastern philosophy.
9. The Jewish Belief System: Description, Elements & History
This lesson will explore the ancient religion of Judaism, the faith of the Jewish people. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of monotheism, Yahweh's covenant with Abraham and the Jewish texts of law.
10. The Gospels: The Life of Christ
This lesson will be a brief exploration of the life of Christ. It will highlight His virgin birth, public ministry, the reasons for His crucifixion, His resurrection and the Christian message that Christ offered salvation to all who believe in His name.
11. The Meso-American Religious Rites of Passage
This lesson will explain the Mesoamerican rites of passage. In doing this, it will explore the ancient cultures and ceremonial practices of the Mayan and Aztec people of Mexico and Central America.
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- American Imperialism & World War I
- Overview of World War I
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- America and the Great Depression
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- Overview of World War II
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