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Ch 2: Developmental Psychology in Children and Adolescents: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Developmental Psychology in Children and Adolescents chapter of this Educational Psychology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master developmental psychology in children and adolescents. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of developmental psychology in children and adolescents.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering educational psychology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn educational psychology. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding child and adolescent development or working with Piaget's theory of cognitive development
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning psychology (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about developmental psychology in children and adolescents
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Developmental Psychology in Children and Adolescents chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Developmental Psychology in Children and Adolescents chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any developmental psychology in children and adolescents question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a developmental psychology in children and adolescents unit of a standard educational psychology course. Topics covered include:

  • Assimilation and accommodation
  • Stages and theories of cognitive development
  • Zone of proximal development and scaffolding
  • Cognitive development advancement tools
  • Social and cognitive development
  • Language development in children
  • Gender differences in the classroom
  • Theories and stages of moral development

50 Lessons in Chapter 2: Developmental Psychology in Children and Adolescents: Help and Review
Child and Adolescent Development: Developmental Milestones & Nature vs. Nurture

1. Child and Adolescent Development: Developmental Milestones & Nature vs. Nurture

How does a child develop cognitively? Which influences development more - genetics or the environment? How important are early experiences in the growth and cognitive development of a child? These are some of the major questions that guide the work of researchers in the field of educational psychology. This lesson will begin to address these questions by describing the basic principles that characterize child and adolescent development.

Using Cognitive Development Psychology in the Classroom

2. Using Cognitive Development Psychology in the Classroom

Do you ever feel bombarded with the amount of new information in a class? How do you process new information in order to create usable knowledge? These are the types of questions cognitive psychologists and teachers seek to answer. This lesson will explore and apply the major assumptions of cognitive development and psychology.

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

3. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.

Assimilation & Accommodation in Psychology: Definition & Examples

4. Assimilation & Accommodation in Psychology: Definition & Examples

How do assimilation and accommodation help a child adapt to his environment? You'll explore how established and changing patterns of information drive a child's intellectual growth as he learns about cats and dogs.

Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

5. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.

Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development

6. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development

The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.

Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding in the Classroom

7. Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding in the Classroom

Psychologist Lev Vygotsky developed a theory of cognitive development which focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions. Several concepts arose from that theory that are important to classroom learning. This lesson will focus on two concepts: zone of proximal development and scaffolding.

Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience

8. Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience

A well-accepted fact among educational psychologists is the idea that knowledge is not absorbed but rather constructed through a person's experiences with his or her environment. This knowledge may be constructed individually or collaboratively. This lesson will briefly explain the processes behind knowledge construction and provide information on how socially constructed knowledge can advance the cognitive development of learners.

Tools to Advance Cognitive Development

9. Tools to Advance Cognitive Development

The word 'tool' has a connotation of something that aids us. Normally, we think of tools being something manipulated with our hands to help us build. In this lesson, we will learn about tools designed to promote cognitive development.

Differences between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories

10. Differences between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories

Two of the most recognized cognitive psychologists, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, developed theories that addressed cognitive development and learning among children and adolescents. While there are similarities between the two theories, differences exist, and those differences are critical to the understanding and application of the theories in educational settings. This lesson will highlight those major differences.

Social & Cognitive Development: Impact on Interpersonal Relationships

11. Social & Cognitive Development: Impact on Interpersonal Relationships

How does association with a group of people impact behavior and learning? Are friendships relevant to understanding the behavior of students in a classroom? This lesson discusses social development by exploring interpersonal relationship functions and types.

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

12. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?

Linguistics: Language Development in Children

13. Linguistics: Language Development in Children

How does a baby's babble turn into intelligible speech? Are there underlining innate traits that drive language development in children? Or is it the social interaction with others that encourages language development? This lesson will explore these questions and discuss how aspects of language change over time.

Bilingual Education, Immersion & Multicultural Education

14. Bilingual Education, Immersion & Multicultural Education

Educators use many approaches for second-language instruction. The approaches vary based on the individual needs of the learner, focusing on his or her current language abilities, background, and cultural experiences. This lesson will differentiate between the different types of second-language instruction, including immersion, bilingual education, and multicultural education.

Moral & Prosocial Behavior: Definitions & Examples of Classroom Applications

15. Moral & Prosocial Behavior: Definitions & Examples of Classroom Applications

Caring, volunteering, empathizing with others: these are all traits of moral and prosocial behavior. As children age, they develop such moral and prosocial behaviors and traits. This lesson will define these key terms and discuss ways to promote moral and prosocial behavior in the classroom.

Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development

16. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development

How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.

Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development

17. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development

How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.

Gender Differences in the Classroom: Physical, Cognitive & Behavioral

18. Gender Differences in the Classroom: Physical, Cognitive & Behavioral

Growing up, did you ever observe gender differences among girls and boys in school? Do you still observe gender differences as an adult? There are established gender differences noted in a variety of contexts. This lesson will explore specific differences in physical and motor skills, cognitive abilities and more.

Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

19. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.

What is Critical Thinking? - Definition, Skills & Meaning

20. What is Critical Thinking? - Definition, Skills & Meaning

Critical thinking is a term that we hear a lot, but many people don't really stop to think about what it means or how to use it. This lesson will tell you exactly what it means and make you realize that the average person largely ignores critical thinking.

Problem Solving Skills for Kids

21. Problem Solving Skills for Kids

Learning how to solve problems - whether math problems, social problems, or any other type- is one of the most important aspects of a child's education. As a skill that affects every area of life, problem solving ought to be, and is, a significant focus in the classroom. This lesson will give you some ideas on how to help provide children with problem solving skills.

Gender Differences in Emotion

22. Gender Differences in Emotion

Explore the differences in emotional expression between genders in children and adults. Learn how the socialization of emotional expression likely results in these differences.

Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt in Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development

23. Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt in Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development

This lesson will explore autonomy vs. shame and doubt, the second stage in Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. This stage occurs between ages one and three and is characterized by independence and exploration.

Bronfenbrenner's Mesosystem: Definition & Examples

24. Bronfenbrenner's Mesosystem: Definition & Examples

Urie Bronfenbrenner is a Russian-American psychologist who first introduced the ecological systems theory. Learn about Urie Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory, the five environmental systems, and more.

Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage of Development: Definition & Examples

25. Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage of Development: Definition & Examples

Piaget's sensorimotor stage of development is discussed in this lesson. You'll also analyze the sub-stages of this type of development and look through examples to assist your understanding.

Social Delay in Children: Definition & Examples

26. Social Delay in Children: Definition & Examples

'Social delay' is impairment in the ability to communicate and interact with others effectively. Learn more about social delay from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.

5th Grade Science Fair Projects

27. 5th Grade Science Fair Projects

Is it almost science fair season? This lesson explains how to properly coach your students through the project to ensure that it is an enjoyable experience for everyone.

Children's Identity Development Theory: Model & Stages

28. Children's Identity Development Theory: Model & Stages

Learn about children's identity development theory. Find out what the different stages of development are and review the model. Read the lesson, and then take the quiz to test your new knowledge.

Classroom Rules and Procedures for Middle School

29. Classroom Rules and Procedures for Middle School

Classroom rules and procedures for middle school are important for both helping your students learn independence and maintaining a safe learning environment. This lesson will provide you with some strategies for middle school classroom management.

Community Helpers for Kindergarten

30. Community Helpers for Kindergarten

What's more fun for young children than acting like grown-ups? Teaching kindergarten students about community helpers is an important unit, and one all students will enjoy. So put on your fire hat, turn on the siren, and let's go have some fun!

Critical Thinking Activities for Middle School

31. Critical Thinking Activities for Middle School

Critical thinking, a Common Core requirement, is often a challenge at the middle school level. Various strategies can be used to teach students how to analyze reading material and apply it to the real world. Read on to learn more about various levels of questioning as well as different activities that may be used to introduce critical thinking in the classroom.

DNA Projects for High School Students

32. DNA Projects for High School Students

This article provides several examples of projects related to the study of DNA as well as tips for how to implement them with your high school students. Explore these engaging instructional activities below, including the use of skits and DNA modeling.

Financial Literacy for High School Students

33. Financial Literacy for High School Students

Financial literacy is an important skill, but when should it be taught? In high school, students have jobs and make money, so they need money skills. This lesson defines financial literacy and looks at some ways to teach it to high school students.

Fun Vocabulary Games for Middle School

34. Fun Vocabulary Games for Middle School

Vocabulary development is an important part of language and literacy learning. This lesson will give you some ideas about how you can grow your middle school students' vocabulary while keeping things fun and entertaining.

Kindergarten Report Card Comments

35. Kindergarten Report Card Comments

Comments are important pieces of report cards that help to explain student performance. In this lesson, you will learn about strategies to help you construct meaningful kindergarten report card comments for parents.

Math Strategies for High School Students

36. Math Strategies for High School Students

We all use strategies, whether we're aware of them or not. They make us efficient and keep us on track. High school students who use math strategies are smart cookies. Read on to find out how they use them and why it works.

Plant Activities for Kindergarten

37. Plant Activities for Kindergarten

This lesson will highlight fun activities that will get kindergarten students excited to learn as they watch a seed become a full grown plant. A short quiz will follow that will test your knowledge.

Study Skills for Middle School: Activities & Ideas

38. Study Skills for Middle School: Activities & Ideas

In this lesson, we will discuss ways to improve study skills for middle school students. We will learn about using a calendar, goal setting, what active studying looks like, and memorization tools.

Technology in the Preschool Classroom

39. Technology in the Preschool Classroom

Young children are born learners. They love to explore and soak in new experiences. Preschool teachers can use technology to enhance children's natural curiosity. Not sure how to make this happen? Take a look at what technology in the preschool classroom looks like.

Critical Thinking Skills in Nursing

40. Critical Thinking Skills in Nursing

This lesson will explain how critical thinking is useful in the nursing profession. We'll discuss five actions to aid them in critical thinking: recognition, questioning, gathering information, evaluation, and communication.

Teaching Life Skills to Children

41. Teaching Life Skills to Children

This engaging lesson addresses a very important part of growing up, learning life skills. This lesson will review what life skills are and give examples on teaching some of the important ones within the classroom.

End of the Year Activities for Middle School

42. End of the Year Activities for Middle School

The end of the school year is a great time for your middle school classroom to relax, have fun, and remember everything you learned over the past year. There are many ways to help students review and reflect, and this lesson will give you a few ideas.

End of the Year Activities for 5th Grade

43. End of the Year Activities for 5th Grade

The end of the school year is an exciting and a stressful time! This lesson will offer some effective ideas for closing the year with your fifth graders and sending them to middle school on a strong foot.

What is Student Development Theory?

44. What is Student Development Theory?

Some students come to college and struggle to fit in, or have difficulty with roommates, or aren't able to transition from dependent to independent. The application of student development theory helps students and college officials achieve success.

Critical Thinking: Examples, Process & Stages

45. Critical Thinking: Examples, Process & Stages

Critical thinking skills are a crucial part of a person's development, but they can be difficult to develop and require practice. Learn what defines critical thinking, see what the process looks like, and gain insight into the developmental stages.

Academic Stress: Definition & Scale

46. Academic Stress: Definition & Scale

Have you ever felt stressed when taking college classes? This lesson is about a test that can accurately measure the stress level of an individual. When many students take this same test, group and institutional comparisons are also possible.

Albert Bandura's Theory of Self-Efficacy

47. Albert Bandura's Theory of Self-Efficacy

In this lesson, we'll introduce Albert Bandura and his work, and we'll focus on his theory of self-efficacy. In addition, we'll explore how self-efficacy theory relates to social-cognitive psychology.

How to Build Resilience

48. How to Build Resilience

We will all experience some sort of hardship in our lives. The key to getting through it is resilience. Learn about the tools you can use to build your ability to be resilient after hardship. Following the lesson will be a brief quiz.

Fixed vs. Growth Mindset

49. Fixed vs. Growth Mindset

In this lesson, you will learn the difference between the concept of a fixed mindset and the concept of a growth mindset. You will also learn why it is important to cultivate a growth mindset to support future achievement as well as positive psychological health.

Carol Dweck & Growth Mindset Psychology

50. Carol Dweck & Growth Mindset Psychology

Do you believe that a person's success depends on talent or on preparation? How a person answers that question often says much about his or her view of how the world functions. In this lesson, we examine this question through the work of psychologist Carol Dweck.

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