About This Chapter
Developmental Psychology and Measurement - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors explain cognitive, social and emotional development and the important theories and theorists associated with each. You will be introduced to the seminal theorists who shaped psychological thought, as well as key developmental psychology terms related to each topic. This chapter will discuss how various developmental processes are measured by psychologists.
You'll learn about different types of measurement used for assessing the various kinds of development. As you progress through this chapter, you can study about the role of play in cognitive development and social-cognitive learning theory. After completing this course, you should be able to:
- Explain the theories of Piaget, Vygotsky, Gilligan, and Kohlberg
- Explain how to define and measure cognitive functioning
- Describe processes used in measuring educational achievement
- Detail diagnostic/processing measures and how they are interpreted
- Explain cognitive development in children and adolescents
- Describe social-cognitive learning theory
- List and explain measures of development and adaptive behavior
- Define affective, social and emotional functioning
All these topics will be taught via short, engaging video lessons that make learning easy and pleasant. Additionally, you'll find self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts to accompany the video lessons, all written by experts in their field. You will be provided with key terms to highlight important concepts and video tags that will take you directly to areas in a video you want to review.
1. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
2. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
3. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
4. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
5. Defining & Measuring Cognitive Functioning
In this lesson, we will define cognitive functioning and explain ways it is typically measured. We will also critically examine some of the issues with these measurements.
6. Defining, Measuring & Interpreting Educational Achievement
In this lesson, we will dig deeper into academic achievement. By the end of the lesson, you should be able to define achievement and understand how it is measured, as well as how to interpret achievement test scores.
7. Processing Measures: Types & Interpretation
In this lesson, we will look at different types of theories to explain how we process information. These models look at how we use senses, memory, attention, and recall as a measurement of processing.
8. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
9. The Role of Play in Cognitive Development
When we think of childhood, we often think of playing. But did you know that playing is vital to a child's healthy development? In this lesson, we will learn about the various types of play that aid a child's cognitive growth.
10. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
11. Definition & Measures of Development & Adaptive Behavior
In this lesson, we will define development and adaptive behavior as well as look at the more commonly used assessments that measure development and adaptive behavior.
12. What are Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Development?
People grow and develop in many different ways and in many different areas. In this lesson, we'll look closer at three types of human development: cognitive, social, and emotional development.
13. Measures of Affective, Social & Emotional Functioning
In this lesson, we will discuss the primary indicators of a functioning affect by examining social and emotional competence, as well as behavioral problems and issues with self-regulation. We will also explore some practical ways to measure these elements of affective function.
14. Retinal Disparity in Psychology: Definition & Examples
Retinal disparity is one of the many ways in which humans can perceive depth. Retinal disparity is at play in many situations, such as driving or avoiding stepping off of a cliff.
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Other chapters within the Praxis School Psychologist (5402): Practice & Study Guide course
- Problem Identification in School Psychology
- Theories of Intelligence
- Assessment & Problem Analysis in School Psychology
- Knowledge of Measurement Theory & Principles
- Psychological Assessment of Special Populations
- Psychological Consultation & Collaboration in School Settings
- Developing Academic Skills
- Goal Setting & Student Motivation
- Academic Success & Failure
- Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Preventive Strategies for the Classroom
- School-Based Intervention & Techniques
- Child & Adolescent Psychopathology
- School-wide Practices to Promote Learning
- Preventive & Responsive Schools Services
- Family-School Collaboration Services
- Individual Learning Characteristics
- Effect of Cultural & Background Differences on Education
- Diversity in Development & Learning
- Education Research & Program Evaluation
- Ethical Principles in Psychology
- Legal Issues in Psychology
- Case Law in Education Psychology
- Professional Foundations: Learning Strategies
- Praxis School Psychologist Flashcards