About This Chapter
Developmental Theories of Learning - Chapter Summary
This chapter outlines the developmental learning theories of notable psychologists, including Skinner, Piaget, Bandura and Vygotsky. Our instructors will help you compare these theories, understand what they say about cognition and assess the ways in which they affected education. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Compare cognitive, developmental, behavioral, constructivist and social cognitive perspectives
- Assess Piaget's symbolic thought and preoperational stage
- Summarize the developmental theories of Jerome Bruner and Lev Vygotsky
- Evaluate Erikson's stages of psychosocial development
- Explain Bandura's thoughts on vicarious learning and social cognition
- Understand how B.F. Skinner and Howard Gardner's theories impacted education
These lessons are designed to be short and simple, which helps you quickly move through the chapter. We've included interactive self-assessments and a chapter exam to help you check your understanding of these theories. Work through the chapter at your own pace, and use any computer or mobile device to study.
1. Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives
How do different people learn? Not everyone agrees. In educational psychology, there are many differing perspectives. This lesson will differentiate between the following psychological perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.
2. Piaget's Preoperational Stage and Symbolic Thought
Psychologist Jean Piaget formed much of the theory of childhood development that we still use today. Here, we'll examine Piaget's preoperational stage of development, from ages two to four, and the changes in thinking that happen during this time.
3. Jerome Bruner's Theory of Development: Discovery Learning & Representation
This lesson explores Jerome Bruner's theory of development, his three modes of representation, and his beliefs on learning, language, and discovery. It will also differentiate Bruner's views of learning compared to Jean Piaget's views.
4. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
5. Howard Gardner: Theory & Impact on Education
What does it mean to be intelligent? In this lesson, we'll explore the multiple intelligences theory of psychologist Howard Gardner, including the different types of intelligence that Gardner proposes and his impact on education.
6. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
7. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
8. B.F. Skinner: Theories & Impact on Education
What does candy have to do with learning and behavior? In this lesson, we'll examine the theories of psychologist B.F. Skinner, including behavioral modification and educational applications of his behavioral learning theories.
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