About This Chapter
Direct & Indirect Discrimination - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter provide an overview of direct and indirect discrimination. You can review a range of topics, such as policies toward Native Americans and the effect of gerrymandering on elections. You can also gain a clearer understanding of federal laws that provide protection against discrimination. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Provide examples of Merton's strain theory concerning deviance
- Discuss both legal and illegal discrimination
- Recall examples of Jim Crow laws
- Differentiate between redlining, blockbusting, and steering
- Recount gerrymandering strategies
- Provide examples of the glass ceiling in the business world
- Define genocide and discuss occurrences in the United States
- Recall examples of hate crimes
These lessons help you comprehend direct and indirect discrimination, and our instructors provide plenty of helpful illustrations. You can study all the lessons in order, or just the topics you need to review. A brief quiz is available for each lesson to test your knowledge, and you can print the quizzes for use as another study tool.
1. Merton's Strain Theory: Definition & Examples
Robert Merton (1910-2003) argued that society may be set up in a way that encourages too much deviance. Learn more about Robert Merton's strain theory and test your knowledge with a quiz.
2. What Is Discrimination? - Definition & Examples
Discrimination is the act of treating someone differently or unjustly based upon some characteristic. Learn about legal and illegal discrimination, federal laws that protect us from being discriminated against, and more.
3. What Are Jim Crow Laws? - Definition, Examples & History
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in effect from 1876 to 1965 in the United States. Learn more about the definition and history of this term, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
4. Redlining, Blockbusting & Steering: Definition & Differences
Real estate buyers, sellers, renters and professionals must be cognizant of certain unethical and illegal practices involving real estate transactions. In this lesson, you'll learn about redlining, blockbusting, and steering. A short quiz follows.
5. Gerrymandering: Definition, History, Types & Examples
Gerrymandering is the process of drawing congressional districts in a way that favors one political party or interest group. In this lesson, we'll consider examples of gerrymandering, some typical strategies, and gerrymandering's effect on elections.
6. Glass Ceiling Theory in Sociology: Definition & Barriers
This lesson defines the term 'glass ceiling' and gives examples of how this term is used within the corporate world. It also gives indications as to when this term was first used in the United States.
7. Genocide & American Indian History
Genocide refers to the deliberate killing of a large number of people in a population. In this lesson, we'll talk about Native Americans and genocide following the arrival of European settlers in the U.S.
8. What Is a Hate Crime? - Definition, Statistics & Examples
After you complete this lesson, you should understand what constitutes a hate crime. You will review recent changes to federal hate crime laws and look at several example scenarios of various types of hate crimes.
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Other chapters within the UExcel Cultural Diversity: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Introduction to Culture
- Culture-Related Concepts
- Social Construction & Power
- Categories of Social Difference
- Ideologies of Social Difference
- Stratification of Difference in Society
- Theories of Prejudice
- Relations in the Multicultural Society
- Native Americans in the U.S.
- African Americans in the U.S.
- Latin Americans in the U.S.
- Asian, Jewish & Middle Eastern Americans
- Collective Responses to Dominance & Inequality
- Inequality & Key Social Movements
- Dominance & Legislative Processes
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