About This Chapter
Disease Defense, Prevention & Treatment - Chapter Summary
This chapter will increase your knowledge of the human immune system and provide you with an overview of medicines and clinical trial processes. These lessons will define relevant terms and provide examples to ensure your full understanding of the material presented in the chapter. Once you have finished reviewing these lessons, you should possess the following abilities:
- Explain how the immune system works
- Identify and provide details about the two parts of the immune system
- Detail what antibiotics are and how they work
- Describe how vaccines work
- Discuss the origins of and types of modern drugs and medicines
- List the five phases of clinical trials and relate why these trials are conducted
- Differentiate between monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies
- Provide details about immunotherapy
Expert instructors will guide you through fun and engaging video lessons and short text lessons that are accessible at any time, on any device. You can even choose to print lesson transcripts to use as handy reference tools. Demonstrate your mastery of these topics by taking self-assessment quizzes and monitor your progress through this chapter on your Dashboard.
1. The Human Immune System: Inflammation & Antibodies
A body as efficient as ours deserves an equally efficient immune system to protect it. Luckily for us, the efficiency of the immune system is its greatest strength, as this lesson demonstrates.
2. Specific vs. Non-Specific Immunity
This lesson is on specific and non-specific immunity. Here, we'll go over what your immune system is and what it does. We will also explain the two parts of the immune system, specific and non-specific.
3. What Are Antibiotics? - Definition, Types & Side Effects
Antibiotics are medicines created to fight infections caused by bacteria. They accomplish this by destroying the bacteria in a variety of ways. Learn more about how antibiotics work and take a short quiz at the end.
4. What is a Vaccine? - Definition, Function & Examples
Without vaccines, many deadly diseases would have devastated a large portion of the human population. In this lesson, we will learn about how vaccines work and why they have great importance in our world.
5. Origin & Development of Common Drugs & Medicines
This lesson will explore the origins of some of the most common drugs and medicines we use on a regular basis. We will also discuss how the drugs are developed and how development of drugs has changed over the years.
6. The Purpose of Clinical Trials
Clinical trials are used to assess the safety and effectiveness of new treatment options. This lesson will discuss the purpose of clinical trials and will end with a short quiz to see what you have learned.
7. The Five Phases of Human Clinical Trials
Human clinical trials help us understand the effectiveness of a treatment. This lesson will discuss the five phases of human clinical trials and will end with a brief quiz to test what you have learned.
8. Monoclonal vs. Polyclonal Antibodies: Definition & Production
In this lesson, you'll discover what monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies are. In addition, you'll learn how they're made, their uses, and some of the differences between them.
9. Medical Terms for Treatments Related to the Immune System
While our immune system is there to protect us, it can sometimes overstep its bounds and hurt us, or it can be too weak to help us out. That's why we turn to immunotherapy, which can help in either instance.
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