About This Chapter
Diseases of the Urinary System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The lessons in this chapter can give you a solid overview of diseases affecting the kidneys and other components of the urinary system. You'll explore the kidneys' influence on blood chemistry, examine the impact of mineral imbalances and learn the causes of some common conditions. Other lessons look at cancers of the urinary system and bladder stones. By the end of this chapter, you should have an understanding of:
- Clinical indicators of kidney disease
- Treatment of acidosis and alkalosis
- Causes of acute and chronic renal failure
- Symptoms of renal and bladder cancer
|How the Kidneys Regulate Acid Base Balance||Understand how the kidneys regulate the body's pH by excreting acid or bicarbonate.|
|Metabolic Alkalosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment||Explore how renal disease can cause alkalosis. Learn about its symptoms and treatment.|
|Metabolic Acidosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment||Identify symptoms of acidosis and learn how renal disease and other conditions, such as diabetes, can cause this condition.|
|Acute Renal Failure - Prerenal Failure & Its Effects on the Body||Examine the most common causes, major symptoms and treatment options for prerenal failure.|
|Acute Renal Failure - Intrinsic Renal Failure & Its Consequences||Discuss the causes of intrinsic renal failure. Identify symptoms as well as its effects on blood chemistry.|
|Acute Renal Failure - Postrenal Failure & How It Alters the Body||Describe symptoms of postrenal failure and examine common treatment options.|
|What Is Chronic Renal Failure? - Causes and Symptoms||Understand the causes and symptoms of chronic renal failure as well as treatment options.|
|Infectious Causes of Kidney Disease||Learn about the types of kidney disease brought on by infection. Explore common symptoms and treatments.|
|What Are Nephrotic & Nephritic Syndrome? - Symptoms & Consequences||Outline the causes and treatments of these types of kidney disorders. Describe how they can be identified in a urinalysis.|
|Cystitis and the Neurogenic Bladder||Understand the signs of a neurogenic bladder and cystitis. Examine common treatments.|
|Kidney and Bladder Stones: Types, Causes, Signs and Treatments||Become familiar with the types of stones that can occur in the urinary tract by studying their causes, symptoms and treatments.|
|Renal Cancer: Causes and Symptoms||Understand the causes, signs and symptoms of renal cancer.|
|Bladder Cancer: Symptoms and Treatments||Examine the causes of blood in the urine and identify their significance.|
|Polycystic Kidney Disease: Affected Locations, Signs and Treatments||Become familiar with the symptoms and treatment of polycystic kidney disease.|
1. How the Kidneys Regulate Acid Base Balance
Find out how your kidneys keep you alive by excreting acids and bases in conditions like respiratory acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, metabolic acidosis, and respiratory alkalosis.
2. Metabolic Alkalosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
We'll learn what metabolic alkalosis is all about in this lesson and how the respiratory system tries to save you from this potentially life-threatening condition.
3. Metabolic Acidosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
This lesson discusses a condition called metabolic acidosis, what causes it, how buffer and the respiratory systems are involved, what tests results reveal, and how it's treated.
4. Acute Renal Failure - Prerenal Failure & Its Effects On The Body
This lesson will mainly focus on the prerenal causes of acute renal failure, why they occur, how they influence the kidneys, and how this in turn causes problems in the body.
5. Acute Renal Failure - Intrinsic Renal Failure & Its Consequences
This lesson will focus on what intrinsic renal failure means, what can cause it, and how it differs from pre-renal failure. We'll also discuss some additional diagnostic and treatment strategies of acute renal failure not covered in other lessons on this topic.
6. Acute Renal Failure - Postrenal Failure & How It Alters The Body
This lesson will zero in on a particular form of acute renal failure known as postrenal failure, including covering its causes, signs, diagnostic tests, and treatment options.
7. What is Chronic Renal Failure? - Causes & Symptoms
This lesson will discuss chronic kidney disease, or chronic renal failure, as it was once more commonly called. We will have an overview of what it means and what it does to your body.
8. Infectious Causes of Kidney Disease
What is a kidney infection technically called? You'll find out in this lesson. You'll also learn what the main cause of a kidney infection is, the two routes it can be established, and how it is diagnosed and treated.
9. What Are Nephrotic and Nephritic Syndrome? - Signs & Consequences
This lesson will discuss two syndromes associated with diseases that affect the filters inside of the kidneys, the glomeruli. These conditions are called nephrotic and nephritic syndrome.
10. Cystitis and the Neurogenic Bladder
This lesson will cover two different conditions affecting the same organ. They are known as cystitis and neurogenic bladder. We'll cover what they are, what symptoms they cause, and how they are treated.
11. Kidney and Bladder Stones: Types, Causes, Signs & Treatments
This lesson will discuss the causes of the formation of urinary tract stones, including kidney and bladder stones, as well as how they are diagnosed and treated.
12. Renal Cancer: Causes & Symptoms
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a type of kidney cancer that will be the focus of this lesson. You will learn where it microscopically originates from, what it clinically is, and how it can physiologically impact a person's body.
13. Bladder Cancer: Symptoms and Treatments
In this lesson, you will learn about bladder cancer, including the most common forms of bladder cancer, what transitional epithelium is, and how to help distinguish bladder cancer from other forms of urinary tract disease.
14. Polycystic Kidney Disease: Affected Locations, Signs & Treatments
This lesson will discuss an inherited disorder known as polycystic kidney disease as well as the latest understanding of why it occurs in people with this condition and how it can be diagnosed and treated.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Pathophysiology Textbook course
- The Basic Components of Pathophysiology
- The Consequences of an Aberrant Immune System
- The Pathophysiology of Neoplasia
- Skin Related Pathology
- Trauma and Injury to the Nervous System
- Major Disorders Involving the Nervous System
- Congenital Cardiovascular Defects
- Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities
- Pathologies of the Respiratory System
- Important Renal Anatomy and Physiology
- Conditions Affecting the Gastrointestinal System
- Metabolic Derangements
- Blood Disorders: Anemia
- Hematological Maladies
- Blood Cancers
- Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System
- Reproductive System Disorders
- Clinical Test Results: Electrolytes, Cells, and Blood Proteins
- Clinical Test Results: Organ Function and Health