About This Chapter
Weather Disturbances - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
If you've ever wondered what causes a superstorm or even how thunderstorms in general form, this chapter on weather disturbances could provide the answers you're looking for. You'll learn how hurricanes are forecast and how the Enhanced Fujuta Scale is used to rate the intensity of tornadoes while likely encountering some weather terminology you haven't come across before, like 'haboob' (a type of dust storm) and 'derecho' (a form of wind storm).
By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the formation of various types of weather disturbances, including cyclones, tornadoes and hurricanes.
- Distinguish among the cumulus, mature and dissipative stages of the air mass thunderstorm cycle.
- Discuss different types of lightning.
- Differentiate between hurricane watches and warnings.
|What Are Cyclones? - Types, Causes & Effects||Describe the nature of a cyclone.|
|The Polar Front Theory of Cyclogenesis||Describe the polar front theory of cyclogenesis. Discuss the life cycle of a cyclone.|
|Air Movement Patterns & The Effects on Cyclones||Discuss air movement patterns and their effects related to cyclones, including processes of the middle and upper troposphere, surface fronts and upper-level patterns, and flow patterns of large-scale weather.|
|The Characteristics & Formation of Anticyclones||Define and describe anticyclones and their characteristics and formation.|
|The Process that Forms Lightning||Define lightning. Describe the processes of lightning formation, including change separation, runaway discharges, leaders, strokes and flashes.|
|What Are Thunderstorms? - Definition, Types & Formation||Describe the formation of a thunderstorm.|
|The Characteristics & Stages of Air Mass Thunderstorms||Define and describe air mass thunderstorms and list their basic characteristics. Discuss the three stages of the air mass thunderstorm life cycle.|
|Characteristics & Types of Multicell & Supercell Thunderstorms||Define and describe multicell and supercell thunderstorms and list their basic characteristics. Discuss various types of multicell and supercell thunderstorms, including mesoscale convective complexes, squall line thunderstorms and supercell storms.|
|Other Types of Thunderstorms: Downbursts, Derechos, Microbursts & Haboobs||Define and describe other types of storms, including downbursts, derechos, microbursts and haboobs.|
|Geographical & Temporal Distributions of Thunderstorms||Discuss the geographical and temporal distributions of thunderstorms around the globe.|
|What are Tornadoes? - Definition, Causes & The Enhanced Fujita Scale||Identify the cause of a tornado and describe use of the Enhanced Fujita Scale.|
|Hurricanes: Types, Formation, Causes & Effects||Describe the formation of a hurricane.|
|The Process of Forecasting Hurricanes & Creating Advisories||Discuss the process of forecasting and creating advisories for hurricanes. Explain the hurricane intensity scale.|
1. What Are Cyclones? - Types, Causes & Effects
The word cyclone refers to many different types of storms. In this video lesson you will learn about how cyclones form, what makes each type different, and what their effects are on both people and the environment.
2. The Polar Front Theory of Cyclogenesis
Learn about The Polar Front Theory of Cyclogenesis. Understand the different stages in midlatitude cyclone development, and the characteristics of cyclones around the planet.
3. Air Movement Patterns & Their Effects on Cyclones
Understand air flow patterns of the midlatitudes in the upper troposphere. Learn about how these air flow patterns affect the development and movement of cyclones on the surface.
4. The Characteristics & Formation of Anticyclones
Understand what anticyclones are and the different factors involved in their formation. Learn about their characteristics and the type of weather that develops with anticyclones.
5. The Processes that Form Lightning
Understand how lightning is formed within a thunderstorm and the different stages involved in development. Learn about different types of lightning in thunderstorms and some not associated with storms.
6. What Are Thunderstorms? - Definition, Types & Formation
Thunderstorms are common all over the world. In this video lesson, you will learn what they are, how they form and how they create thunder and lightning.
7. Air Mass Thunderstorms: Characteristics & Stages
Learn how an air mass thunderstorm is different from other types of storms. Understand the different stages in their development and the process of formation.
8. Multicell & Supercell Thunderstorms: Characteristics & Types
In this lesson, you will learn about severe thunderstorms known as multicell and supercell storms. You will also gain an understanding of the characteristics of the different types of severe storms and their development.
9. Storm Types: Downbursts, Derechos, Microbursts & Haboobs
There are several types of phenomena that can occur with severe thunderstorms. Learn about the different types, how they develop and the damage that they can cause.
10. Geographical & Temporal Distributions of Thunderstorms
Learn about the factors and mechanisms necessary for thunderstorm development. Understand where storms are likely to be found on Earth and when they are most likely to occur.
11. What Are Tornadoes? - Definition, Causes & The Enhanced Fujita Scale
Tornadoes are dangerous storms that affect millions of people. In this video lesson, you will learn how and where they form, as well as how scientists classify tornadoes using the Enhanced Fujita Scale.
12. Hurricanes: Types, Formation, Causes & Effects
Hurricanes are dangerous storms that affect millions of people each year. But what are hurricanes and how do they form? In this video lesson you'll learn about where and how hurricanes develop as well as the types of hurricanes that are possible.
13. Forecasting Hurricanes & Creating Advisories
Understand the severity of hurricanes and how they develop. Learn how scientists are able to gather data on, track, predict, and categorize hurricanes. Know how hurricane advisory systems work.
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Other chapters within the Earth Science 102: Weather and Climate course