About This Chapter
Diversity & Discrimination - Chapter Summary
Ensure you have a quality understanding of diversity and discrimination using this chapter's entertaining lessons. Expert instructors provide an in-depth look at concepts that include race and ethnicity; the influence of culture, race and ethnicity on self-image; and sex and gender in society. Review these lessons at your own pace. Once you've completed this chapter, you will be able to:
- Share the definition, law and cases associated with sexual orientation discrimination in the workplace
- Identify and describe age discrimination in the workplace
- Provide the definition of disability discrimination
- Understand gender identity as a social construct
- Explain the effects of gender, sexuality and socialization on abnormal behavior
- Recognize stigmas related to gender and sexual minorities
- Discuss counseling of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered people
- Analyze LGBT bullying and youth suicide statistics
- Describe contemporary policy issues concerning older adults
Lessons in this chapter are accessible 24/7 from any computer, smartphone or tablet with an Internet connection. Navigate the lessons in any sequence, and visit them as often as you'd prefer. Gain additional details about lesson topics by submitting questions using the Ask Our Experts feature on the Dashboard. When ready, assess your knowledge of diversity and discrimination by taking mini quizzes and a comprehensive chapter exam.
1. Race and Ethnicity Definitions: Social Minority vs. Social Majority
This lesson introduces concepts important to understanding race and ethnicity. First, a distinction is made between 'race' and 'ethnicity.' Next, the idea of a social minority is defined, along with distinction and subordination. Finally, U.S. trends regarding minority influence are outlined.
2. Influence of Culture, Race & Ethnicity on Self-Image
This lesson looks at how an individual's culture, race and/or ethnicity affect their self-image. The different terms (ethnicity, race and culture) are defined and discussed. How different cultures view the self and other issues related to the topic are also discussed.
3. Gender Identity as a Social Construct
Gender is an important part of most societies, but many of us misunderstand it. In this lesson, we are going to explore gender as a social construct and see how gender identity has changed throughout history.
4. The Effects of Gender, Sexuality & Socialization on Abnormal Behavior
Psychological disorders are influenced by society and culture. In this lesson, we'll look at how society's views on gender and sexuality can raise mental health issues.
5. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
6. Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace: Definition, Laws & Cases
In this lesson you will learn about sexual orientation discrimination. We'll also cover the laws that were created to protect individuals based on their sexual orientation as well as court cases surrounding discrimination in the workplace.
7. Gender & Sexual Minorities (GSM): Definition & Stigmas
In this lesson, we'll define gender and sexual minorities (GSM). You'll learn the difference between GSMs and LGBTQs. We'll also explore stigmas associated with GSMs and their impact on society and the workplace.
8. Counseling Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender People
In many ways, counseling LGBT clients is just like counseling straight clients. But in other ways, LGBT clients face specific challenges that straight clients might not face. In this lesson, we'll look at how to counsel LGBT clients.
9. LGBT Bullying Statistics
Most sources agree that the LGBT population is more likely to become the target of bullying than the heterosexual population. This lesson will provide information about LGBT bullying as well as some statistics.
10. LGBT Youth Suicide: Statistics & Prevention
Suicide is, alarmingly, the leading cause of death for LGBT youth. Prevention techniques like family counseling and anti-bullying programs can help prevent LGBT depression, isolation and suicide. Learn more statistics and prevention methods for LGBT youth suicide in this lesson.
11. Social Characteristics of an Aging Population
As people age, they face new challenges and changes in their social life. In this lesson, we will discuss the social characteristics of the aging population, including marital status, living arrangements, financial issues, and workforce issues.
12. Contemporary Policy Issues Concerning Older Adults
In this lesson, you'll learn about issues in public policy that affect older adults today and what updates are needed to help older adults age well. You'll also discover the groups most likely to experience more challenges in their older years.
13. What is Age Discrimination in the Workplace? - Definition, Cases & Examples
Age discrimination in the workplace happens when a person's age is unfairly used as a factor in his or her employment. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 was enacted to protect older workers from this type of discrimination.
14. What is Disability Discrimination? - Definition, Laws & Examples
Disabled people have a right to work and federal law protects them from discrimination. In this lesson, you'll learn about disability discrimination and relevant laws that make it illegal. A short quiz follows the lesson.
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Other chapters within the ASWB Clinical Exam: Study Guide & Practice course
- Overview of Human Growth & Development
- Physical, Emotional & Intellectual Human Development
- Developmental Abnormalities
- Adulthood & Aging
- Human Behavior in the Environment
- Dysfunction, Abuse & Neglect
- Understanding Addictions
- Social Justice Goals in Social Work
- Information Gathering & Assessment for Social Workers
- Diagnosis in Social Work
- Treatment Planning in Social Work
- Managing Therapeutic Relationships
- Interventions & Approaches in Social Work
- Case Management in Social Work
- Consultation & Collaboration in Social Work
- Professional Ethics & Values in Social Work