About This Chapter
Drawing and Explaining Conclusions - Chapter Summary
Take another look at the final stages of a scientific investigation by watching this collection of video lessons. You'll examine the relationship between a study's validity and the conclusions that can be drawn and trace the steps involved in analyzing quantitative and qualitative research data.
Instructors also discuss the significance of transparency and organization in presentations of scientific work and provide suggestions for determining whether the conclusions being presented are consistent with the evidence given. This chapter even includes lessons that can develop your ability to recognize skewed visual representations of data, draw diagrams of scientific phenomena and read maps. Topics of discussion include:
- Internal and external validity
- Written and oral scientific reports
- Analysis of scientific evidence
- Visual representations of data
- Diagrams of scientific concepts
- Topographic and geologic maps
- Scale maps
Our experienced instructors will give you sound guidance on the processes involved in drawing conclusions from scientific evidence. Watch the short, engaging video lessons or read the transcripts to get a quick review of each topic's key points. You can also take multiple-choice quizzes to determine how much of the lesson material you're absorbing.
1. Drawing Conclusions Based on Internal Validity
When a researcher gets the results of their study back, how do they know that the independent variable caused the results? In this lesson, we'll look at how internal validity shapes the way researchers draw conclusions about their research.
2. Analyzing, Applying, and Drawing Conclusions From Research to Make Recommendations
In this lesson, we'll explore how companies analyze, apply and draw conclusions from research to solve problems. Learn how effective recommendations can help a business survive and thrive.
3. Connecting the Steps of the Scientific Method
While the scientific method is divided into different steps, each of those steps is connected to the others. From making observations to drawing conclusions, the logical order and flow is what makes this process work so well in science.
4. Presenting the Scientific Process Orally or in Writing
Part of being a good scientist involves sharing your work with others. Two of the most common ways this is done is through written works and oral presentations, both of which require a certain amount of care and skill.
5. Understanding Whether Given Evidence Supports a Conclusion
Part of being a good scientist is evaluating other scientists' work. One aspect of this is knowing whether the evidence provided supports the scientists' conclusions. While this is not always easy, it is necessary in order to produce good science.
6. Visual Representations of a Data Set: Shape, Symmetry & Skewness
Visual representations are a fantastic way of understanding and analyzing your data. Use this lesson to understand the characteristics of visual representations of data.
7. How to Draw Appropriate Diagrams of Scientific Processes and Concepts
Very often a scientific concept or process may be difficult to completely follow until we see a diagram. Sometimes however, making sense of them only becomes harder after seeing one! In this lesson, we'll learn to make diagrams that are more useful.
8. How to Read Topographic and Geologic Maps
This lesson explains the main features of topographic maps, including contour lines, index contours and contour intervals. It will also cover two rules that all contours follow and discuss geologic maps and the information they contain.
9. How to Construct and Interpret a Scale Map
This lesson will explain what a scale map is and how it represents two different things on the map expressed as a ratio. This lesson will also demonstrate the steps needed to create a scale map from any ordinary map.
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Other chapters within the College Physics: Help & Review course
- Scientific Inquiry
- Formulating Scientific Questions
- Planning a Scientific Investigation
- Observation and Data Collection
- Data Analysis and Graphing
- Safety During Science Experiments
- Scientific Ethics
- Motion and Newton's Laws
- Kinematic Equations in Physics
- Properties of Rotational Motion
- Linear Momentum Principles
- Work, Energy and Power
- Heat and Thermodynamics
- Characteristics of Waves
- Electrical & Magnetic Forces
- Electric Potential & Capacitance
- Physics Circuits
- Magnetic Forces and Fields
- Quantum Mechanics and the Standard Model
- Science Literacy
- Diversity in Science
- Historical Perspectives in Physics
- Science, Technology and Beliefs