About This Chapter
Early Childhood Development Overview - Chapter Summary
This chapter allows you to study details about developmental milestones and abnormalities in infants, children and adolescents. You will review stages and phases of social, cognitive, physical and perceptual development.
You can also learn more about the pattern of human growth and the effects and impacts of developmental delays and abnormalities. Once you have completed this chapter, you will be able to:
- Explain universal principles of human growth and development
- List stages of cognitive and social development in infants
- Understand how to measure intelligence and creativity in infants
- Name areas of physical development in early childhood
- Detail the sensitive periods of development between birth and 6 years of age
- Discuss cognitive development in children and adolescents
- Define social norms and developmental delays
- Describe the effects of developmental abnormalities on skills and learning
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1. Principles of Growth and Development
Is there a pattern to how human growth and development takes place? This lesson will examine some universal principles of growth and development in order to help you find the answer to this question.
2. Cognitive Development in Infants: Object Permanence & Sensorimotor Periods
There is no time like infancy - it is the first exposure people have to the world. According to Jean Piaget, there are six stages infants go through as they develop cognitively and learn to act in their environment.
3. Infant Creativity and Intelligence
How is infant intelligence measured? In this lesson, you'll learn to recognize common measures of infant intelligence as well as what information these measures can provide.
4. Social Development of Infants: Stages of Self and Temperament
When do infants start gaining self-awareness? We will explore the stages infants go through as they increase their knowledge of themselves. We will also look into the typical temperaments of infants.
5. Physical Development in Early Childhood
Between the ages of two and seven, children grow and develop dramatically. Watch this lesson to look at some of the physical developments in early childhood, including balance, fine motor coordination and brain development.
6. The Sensitive Periods of Development: Birth to Age 6
The phrase 'sensitive periods in human development' may sound like it refers to moody teenagers, but it actually refers to periods of time when a child easily absorbs information in a specific way. The most important sensitive periods occur between birth and age six. Learn more in this lesson.
7. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
8. The Role of Attention in Perceptual Development
How does a child's perceptual development progress, and what is the role of attention in this process? This lesson will use examples to teach you about this relationship and walk you through the changes.
9. What Are Social Norms? Definition & Examples in Infants, Children & Adults
In this lesson, you will gain an understanding of social norms and define related terms. You will also examine the effects of social norms in infants, children, adolescents, and adults.
10. What Is a Developmental Delay in Children? - Definition, Causes & Symptoms
Some children do not reach specific developmental milestones, such as walking or talking, within the normal age range. Learn more about the different types of developmental delays, their causes, and symptoms.
11. Developmental Abnormalities in Children: Effects & Impacts on Learning
Developmental abnormalities in children have an impact on their learning and social skills. Examine an example in this lesson that will help you learn about the importance of early intervention.
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Other chapters within the OAE Prekindergarten Subtests I & II (036/037): Study Guide & Practice course
- Prenatal, Perinatal & Postnatal Risk Factors
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Theoretical Foundations of Early Childhood Education
- Roles & Responsibilities of Early Childhood Educators
- Professionalism in the Educational Environment
- Positive Learning Environments for Young Children
- Early Childhood Curriculum & Instruction
- Self-Regulation & Social-Emotional Development
- Health, Safety & Nutrition in Early Childhood
- Using Technology in the Early Childhood Classroom
- Screening, Assessment & Evaluation in Preschool
- Promoting Development with Art & Movement
- Emergent & Early Literacy
- Math Foundations for Instruction
- Number Sense for Children
- Foundations for Teaching Science
- Basic Concepts of Earth & Space
- Science Concepts: Physical Sciences
- Living Organisms & Ecosystems
- Overview of Culture
- Concepts & Tools in Geography
- Overview of American History
- Social Studies Concepts: Civics
- Social Studies Concepts: Economics