About This Chapter
Early Childhood Physical, Social & Mental Development - Chapter Summary
As you go through these lessons on early childhood physical, social, and mental development, you will gain a broader understanding of behavioral and cognitive perspectives. Experienced instructors discuss interactions between human development, genetics, and the environment, and they also dive into emotional development. By the end of the chapter, you should be ready to:
- Discuss maturation in child development
- Provide an overview of social cognitive and constructivist perspectives
- Give examples of physical development
- Explain how different aspects of language change over time
- Recall stages of affective growth and development
- Offer a definition for moral development
- Describe the relationship between social, cognitive and language development
- Outline nature versus nurture as it relates to gender differences
Our instructors provide real-world examples to help you quickly comprehend concepts associated with early childhood physical, social, and mental development. Each lesson includes a short quiz to measure how much of the content you understand and can remember. Our online learning platform offers many other helpful features, such as the ability to print the quizzes in worksheet form to study offline.
1. What is Development? - Growth, Maturation & Learning
To many people, terms like development, growth, maturation, and learning all mean the same thing. In this lesson, we'll learn the subtle differences between each of these terms and how they apply to human life.
2. Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives
How do different people learn? Not everyone agrees. In educational psychology, there are many differing perspectives. This lesson will differentiate between the following psychological perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.
3. What are Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Development?
People grow and develop in many different ways and in many different areas. In this lesson, we'll look closer at three types of human development: cognitive, social, and emotional development.
4. What Is Physical Development? - Definition and Examples
Everyone grows and changes throughout their lives. In this lesson, we'll look at some important times in physical development, including childhood and old age, and how physical development contributes to other types of development.
5. Linguistics: Language Development in Children
How does a baby's babble turn into intelligible speech? Are there underlining innate traits that drive language development in children? Or is it the social interaction with others that encourages language development? This lesson will explore these questions and discuss how aspects of language change over time.
6. Affective Growth & Development: Stages & Characteristics
You can think of affective growth as a person's social-emotional development, and like all learning, it occurs over a lifetime. This lesson will take a look at the stages of affective growth as they're experienced at different points of life.
7. What Is Moral Development? - Definition & Stages
How do we know the difference between right and wrong? This lesson will explore the stages of moral development, which is the process by which human beings develop the ability to distinguish between good and bad behaviors.
8. The Interrelationships of Developmental Domains
In this lesson, we'll identify the various domains of human development and explain the interrelationships between these domains to have a deeper understanding of the relationship between cognitive, social, emotional, physical, and language development.
9. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.
10. How Genetics and the Environment Interact in Human Development
Everyone is different. But what makes a person unique? In this lesson, we'll examine the way genes and the environment affect who a person is, including looking at the nature vs. nurture debate and looking at how nature and nurture influence one another.
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Other chapters within the NES Assessment of Professional Knowledge Elementary (051): Practice & Study Guide course
- Development of Sense & Perception
- Cognition & Cognitive Development
- Factors Affecting Childhood Development
- Childhood Developmental Challenges
- Theories of Developmental Learning
- Student Learning & Performance
- Learning Assessments
- Constructing Student Assessments
- The Curriculum Planning Process
- Overview of Instructional Approaches
- Technology for Classroom Instruction
- Motivation in the Classroom
- Classroom Communication Strategies
- Learning Environments & Classroom Management Overview
- Communication & Collaboration as a Teacher
- Roles of Professional Educators
- Legal & Ethical Guidelines for Educators
- Professional Development for Teachers
- NES Assessment of Professional Knowledge (Elementary) Flashcards