About This Chapter
Early Childhood Psychosocial Development - Chapter Summary
There are many contributing factors to psychosocial development, and these lessons address how those factors impact development during early childhood. Our instructors have assembled a broad scope of lesson materials that go from the psychological development of the self all the way through to external social aspects and how they influence development. As you move from lesson to lesson, you will quickly recognize key terms and associated definitions, as our instructors make sure to emphasize these concepts. At the end of each lesson, try taking the quiz to measure how much information you have absorbed. Lesson topics in this chapter will help you:
- Define self-socialization and self-views
- Explain child self-esteem and social development
- Describe the influence of parenting styles on different types of learners
- Name types of family systems and definitions
- Show how media, school, and culture impact development
- List common early childhood anxieties and fears
- Explore aggression and emotion regulation in the early years
- Describe social issues that influence development
1. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views
In this lesson, we will explore the sense of self, self-socialization, and the two social scientists who contributed to this field. We will examine Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other.
2. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
3. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.
4. Family Systems: Definition and Types
Families come in all shapes and sizes. In this lesson, we'll examine what makes a family, as well as some common types of families, including nuclear, matrifocal, extended, and blended families.
5. The Role of Culture, School, and Media in Social and Emotional Development
Everyone changes and grows throughout his or her life, but that change is influenced by many factors. In this lesson, we'll look at socioemotional development and how culture, school, and media, like television, impact it.
6. Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood
Fear is a normal part of childhood, but many parents worry when their children act fearful. Watch this lesson to find out more about the purpose of fear, common childhood fears, and what parents can do to help children deal with fear.
7. Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood
What happens when a sweet kid suddenly starts hitting, kicking, and doing other aggressive things? In this lesson, we'll explore aggression in early childhood, including the main types of aggression and how to increase self-regulation.
8. Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development
Young children are growing and changing every day as part of early childhood development. But what happens when issues get in the way of development? Watch this video for more information on how divorce and parental substance abuse can affect children.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 107: Life Span Developmental Psychology course
- Intro to Human Development
- Research Methods for Human Development
- Foundations of Human Development
- Genetic Influences in Human Development
- Overview of Prenatal Development
- Childbirth and the Neonatal Period
- Human Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Early Childhood Physical and Cognitive Development
- Human Development in Middle Childhood
- Adolescent Physical and Sexual Development
- Adolescent Psychosocial Development
- Early Adulthood Physical and Cognitive Development
- Early Adulthood Psychosocial Development
- Middle Adulthood Physical and Cognitive Development
- Middle Adulthood Psychosocial Development
- Late Adulthood Physical Development
- Late Adulthood Psychosocial and Cognitive Development
- Stages and Psychological Impact of Death and Dying
- Studying for Psychology 107