About This Chapter
Early Christian Art - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
There are many elements to the artistic style expressed during the early culture of Christianity. This chapter explores those elements of Christian art during this period providing historical context and examples of significant work. Take the quiz at the end of each lesson and reach out to an instructor with any questions. Examples of questions you should be able to answer upon completing this chapter are:
- How does the art exhibit social norms of the period?
- What are Christian catacombs?
- How were churches constructed?
- What was the relationship between Roman and Christian art?
|Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism||Get the basics on early Christian art.|
|Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics||Learn the fundamentals about early Christian architecture.|
|Early Christian Art: Styles, Materials, & Techniques||Recognize those features that are typical of the arts of the early Christian world.|
|Reflections of Culture in Early Christian Art||Explain the ways in which early Christian art reveals the mores of the culture.|
|Relationship Between Roman & Early Christian Art & Architecture||Discuss the relationship of Roman and early Christian art and architecture.|
|Early Christian Catacombs: Organization, Function & Ornamentation||Explain the organization, function, and ornamentation of Early Christian catacombs.|
|The Architecture of the Early Christian Church||Describe the plan and elevation of an early Christian church.|
|Important Works of Early Christian Art||Identify early Christian works of art.|
|Transition from Minor to Luxury Arts in Christian Art||Discuss the transition from minor arts to luxury arts in Christian art.|
|The Ancient Roman Basilica: Architecture, Lesson & Quiz||Explore the ancient Roman basilica.|
|Narthex: Definition, Lesson & Quiz||Learn all about the narthex.|
1. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
2. Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics
Christianity managed to exist for hundreds of years before becoming the official religion of Rome. In this lesson, we'll take a look at the early architecture of the Christian church.
3. Early Christian Art: Styles, Materials, & Techniques
This lesson will provide an overview of the styles, materials, and techniques of early Christian art. We will focus especially on frescoes, sculptures, and mosaics.
4. Reflections of Culture in Early Christian Art
In this lesson, we're going to explore how early Christian art reflected its cultural milieu and adapted the images, forms and buildings of its culture to Christian purposes and meanings. Then, test what you learned with a quick quiz.
5. Relationship Between Roman & Early Christian Art & Architecture
In this lesson, we will explore the similarities and differences between Roman and early Christian art. We will pay special attention to how Christians used Roman forms, motifs, and architecture to communicate new meanings.
6. Early Christian Catacombs: Organization, Function & Ornamentation
In this lesson, we will explore the early Christian catacombs. We'll study their creation, organization, and primary functions, and we'll take a look at how early Christians filled them with works of art.
7. The Architecture of the Early Christian Church
In this lesson, we will examine the architecture of two styles of early Christian churches: the house church and the basilica. We will pay special attention to how Christians adapted traditional styles to their own purposes.
8. Important Works of Early Christian Art
In this lesson, we will explore a few of the most famous and important works of early Christian art. We will pay special attention to the catacomb frescoes, the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, and the artwork of famous basilicas.
9. Transition from Minor to Luxury Arts in Christian Art
In this lesson, we're going to discuss the transition from minor to luxury arts in early Christian art. We will define those terms and look at some examples to illustrate this point.
10. The Ancient Roman Basilica: Architecture & Overview
Explore the history, architecture and use of the Roman basilica. Then test your understanding of ancient Roman engineering, innovation, architecture and culture.
11. Narthex: Definition & Overview
Study the history and design of the architectural feature of early churches called the Narthex. Then, test your understanding about early church design and religious culture.
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Other chapters within the Art 101: Art of the Western World course
- The Art of Ancient Egypt
- The Art of the Ancient Near East
- The Art of Ancient Greece
- The Art of Ancient Rome
- Byzantine Art
- The Art of Early Medieval Europe
- Romanesque Art
- Gothic Art
- Fifteenth-Century Italian Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Sixteenth-Century Italian Art
- Sixteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Baroque Art
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Romanticism in Art
- Realism in Art
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionist Art
- Art of the Early Twentieth Century
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Contemporary Art