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Ch 4: Early Civilizations & Cultures

About This Chapter

Use the entertaining video lessons in this chapter to jog your memory of information about early civilizations and cultures like the Fertile Crescent, early human communities, and more. Take short multiple-choice quizzes to see what you remember.

Early Civilizations & Cultures - Chapter Summary

Rediscover information about early civilizations and cultures with this chapter filled with interesting video lessons. You can go over the impact of rivers on early civilizations, the Fertile Crescent, and more. Recall the details about Mesopotamia as the first civilization along with its four important empires, early human communities, and the difference between the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras. Check the amount of information you remember by taking the quizzes at the end of each lesson. In addition to the subjects listed above, you will also encounter these:

  • Implications of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
  • Details about the Bronze Age of ancient Egypt
  • Accomplishments of Egyptians, including pyramids and hieroglyphics
  • What happened during the running of the Persian empire
  • Learn about the different cultures, influences, and religion of ancient India
  • Places of trade and communication in the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires
  • The practices of hunters-gatherers for survival
  • How different communities became domesticated

The lessons in this chapter are anywhere from 5-10 minutes long. Each one also contains a transcript where you can find main ideas and key terms. You can review the lessons by using the video tags located below them.

14 Lessons in Chapter 4: Early Civilizations & Cultures
Early Human Communities Around the World

1. Early Human Communities Around the World

In this lesson, you will explore the rise of the first early human communities and the changes that lead people to settle down and build cities. Then, you will be able to test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Rivers' Impact on Early Civilizations

2. Rivers' Impact on Early Civilizations

This lesson explains why ancient civilizations developed along rivers. In doing this, it highlights the importance of food supplies, flooding, and the process of irrigation.

Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

3. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.

The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

4. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

Preliterate Cultures: Paleolithic vs Neolithic

5. Preliterate Cultures: Paleolithic vs Neolithic

In this lesson we briefly explore the origins of Homo sapiens before discovering the differences between the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras of human civilization.

Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications

6. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications

A long, long time ago, human beings roamed the earth looking for food. Then the agricultural revolution struck! What are the benefits of an agrarian society, and how have they shaped the way we live today?

The Four Empires of Mesopotamia

7. The Four Empires of Mesopotamia

Whereas a number of dynasties ruled Egypt, it was often completely different cultures to rule Mesopotamia. This lesson looks at four of those cultures that were able to build empires.

Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

8. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.

Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar

9. Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar

In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.

History of the Persian Empire

10. History of the Persian Empire

The Persian Empire has all the great aspects of an amazing story - an unlikely rise to power against an evil king, a ruler who is beloved by his people, and a military that was centuries ahead of its time.

Ancient India: Indigenous Culture & Outside Influences

11. Ancient India: Indigenous Culture & Outside Influences

This lesson will explore the history of ancient India. It will focus on the Harappan culture, their mixing with the Aryans, and the beginnings of the Hindu faith.

The Emergence of Three Empires in Eurasia: Ottoman, Safavid & Mughal

12. The Emergence of Three Empires in Eurasia: Ottoman, Safavid & Mughal

This lesson focuses on the Ottoman empire of Turkey, the Safavid Empire of Iran, and the Mughal Empire of India and Pakistan. It highlights the terms theocracy, ghazi, and God-ism.

Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Making Tools & Using Fire

13. Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Making Tools & Using Fire

In this lesson, you will explore the role of fire and stone tools in early human society as both a means of survival and important aspects of culture. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Domestication Across Regions: History, Paths & Patterns

14. Domestication Across Regions: History, Paths & Patterns

In this lesson, we look at patterns of how communities have domesticated plants and animals. We'll also consider why some communities stayed nomadic or returned to being nomadic.

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