About This Chapter
Early Civilizations in Asia- Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Within the vast continent of Asia are many countries and cultures, and the history of how these regions developed has been a captivating story. At one point, the Mongols ruled one of the largest empires the world has ever known. Control over simple trade goods, such as spices, led to major conflicts and bloodshed between Asian countries and European nations. Religious influences and control also attributed to the cultural development in certain regions. Upon completing this chapter, you should possess greater knowledge of the following:
- Different Asian countries and cultures
- The rise and fall of Asian dynasties and empires
- Historical government systems
- The rise of independent states
- Influences of the spice trade
- The impact of Europe on Asia
|Chinese Civilization's Influence in East Asia: Korea & Japan||Identify how Korea and Japan were influenced by Chinese traditions, but nonetheless kept most of their own traditions during the pre-1500 C.E. era.|
|Innovations of the Sui, Tang & Song Dynasties of China||Discuss the three dynasties that took China out of chaos and into a state of order, and go over how government reforms and innovations in technology and agriculture led to prosperity.|
|The Mongol Empire & Dynasty in China||Examine the rise of the Mongol Empire and point out the factors that led to the Mongols gaining one of the largest empires in the world.|
|Literature & Art of Golden Age China||Review the art and different types of literature that were created during China's golden age.|
|The Rise of the Early Japanese State||Show the relationship between Japan's unique development and Japan's geography, and then analyze the power struggles that occurred between the independent families and Japan's rulers.|
|The Emergence of Korean Culture||Discuss the development of Korea as an independent country.|
|Southeast Asian Civilizations' Land & People||Examine the social structure, culture, religious practices, and economy of the people in South East Asian countries, and then describe how the following states were formed: Thailand, Vietnam, Burma, Angkor, and the Malay world.|
|Islamic Expansion & Influence in India||Consider how the Islamic influence was extended into Hindu kingdoms by Hohman of Ghazni, discuss how the power of the Muslim faith reached northern India, and go over Timur Lenk's campaign as he conquered northern India.|
|Southeast Asia During the Spice Trade||Investigate the Portuguese occupation of Moluccas, analyze how the Dutch pushed the Portuguese out, and review how Malay was impacted by the arrival of Europeans.|
|Dutch & Spanish Dominance in South & Southeast Asia||Examine how the Spanish and the Dutch gained dominant positions in the region.|
|The Decline of Mughal India's Effect on European Traders||Identify how European traders in this area were affected by Mughal's decline.|
1. Chinese Civilization's Influence in East Asia: Korea & Japan
China's influence on the cultures of its neighbors is impossible to overstate and nowhere is this more true than in Korea and Japan. That said, those two countries managed to still develop very distinctive cultures.
2. Innovations of the Sui, Tang & Song Dynasties of China
Many of the most famous innovations of Chinese history occurred during the years preceding the Mongol Conquest. Three dynasties, the Sui, Tang, and Song, ruled supreme during this period.
3. The Mongol Empire & Dynasty in China
The Mongol Empire was the second-largest empire in history, and the largest ever seen up until its time. This lesson explains how the Mongols were able to conquer China, as well as innovations that allowed them to conquer other regions, before concluding with a discussion on the Yuan Dynasty.
4. Literature & Art of Golden Age China
China underwent a great period of change during the time of the Tang and Song dynasties, and while innovations such as paper money and the cultivation of tea were important, art and literature also experienced high points.
5. The Rise of the Early Japanese State
With a relatively wide barrier of sea to separate them from any undesired outside influences, the Japanese are unique in that they were largely able to develop on their own. That said, there were surprising parallels between Japan and other parts of the world.
6. The Emergence of Korean Culture
Despite being pressed against one of the most powerful cultures in history, the Koreans were able to keep their cultural identity and, more often than not, their political independence.
7. Southeast Asian Civilizations' Land & People
One of the first crossroads of the world, Southeast Asia may have been originally peopled by groups from China, but much of what would influence its numerous cultures came from India.
8. Islamic Expansion & Influence in India
While Islam would never manage to convert more than a small percentage of India's population, it would have a considerable impact on the history of India, as well as the development of culture in the subcontinent.
9. Southeast Asia During the Spice Trade
Pirates, gold, and spicy food. The story of European involvement in Southeast Asia shows how the Portuguese inability to adapt, combined with the joint-stock companies of the Dutch, were able to change the face of Southeast Asia.
10. Dutch & Spanish Dominance in South & Southeast Asia
While many of us think of the Spanish operated solely in Latin America during the colonial period, a surprising amount of its wealth went west. Likewise, the Dutch built many fortunes by focusing on Asia instead of its scattered colonies in the New World.
11. The Decline of Mughal India's Effect on European Traders
The Mughal Empire was one of the most powerful countries on the planet, and its downfall was largely preventable. This lesson explains why and provides details on how the British made the most of the situation.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance