Ch 3: Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East

About This Chapter

These lessons on early civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Near East can help you with classwork or test preparation. You can review information about Egyptian social structures, Mesopotamian politics, and more from a mobile-friendly learning platform.

Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East - Chapter Summary

In this chapter on early civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Near East, brief lessons cover topics like the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians and rulers of the Bronze Age. Additionally, you can learn about peasants and slaves in ancient Egypt. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Discuss developments and characteristics of the Neolithic Age
  • Explain what encouraged settlement in Mesopotamia
  • Detail how religion and politics were linked in Mesopotamia
  • Recount traditional and historical periods of Egyptian history
  • Discuss social structures of ancient Egypt
  • List key achievements of ancient Egypt
  • Discuss empires that emerged upon the collapse of the Bronze Age
  • Relate examples of Ancient Near East art

Subject-matter experts present the information in these lessons on early civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Near East in a manner that makes the material is easy to understand. If you find yourself struggling with a topic, you can use the Help feature to submit questions to instructors. A short quiz is available to test your knowledge of each lesson, and the quizzes, when printed out, can double as offline study worksheets.

8 Lessons in Chapter 3: Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Neolithic Age: Definition, Characteristics & Time Period

1. Neolithic Age: Definition, Characteristics & Time Period

What's between the Old Stone Age and the Bronze Age? The New Stone Age! Though stone tools continued to develop, the greatest contributor to human history in this period was the Agricultural Revolution. We'll explore the growth development in this lesson.

Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

2. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.

Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

3. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.

Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

4. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.

Egyptian Social Structure: From Slaves to Pharaoh

5. Egyptian Social Structure: From Slaves to Pharaoh

In this lesson, we will explore ancient Egypt's social structure. We'll start at the top of this great pyramid with the Pharaoh and work our way to the bottom, where we'll find peasants and slaves.

Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar

6. Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar

In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.

Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

7. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.

Ancient Near East Art As a Reflection of History, Politics & Culture

8. Ancient Near East Art As a Reflection of History, Politics & Culture

In this lesson, we will explore how the art of the Ancient Near East reflects the history, politics, and culture of that region. We will look at several examples of art that make a special contribution to this process.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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