About This Chapter
Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East - Chapter Summary
In this chapter on early civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Near East, brief lessons cover topics like the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians and rulers of the Bronze Age. Additionally, you can learn about peasants and slaves in ancient Egypt. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Discuss developments and characteristics of the Neolithic Age
- Explain what encouraged settlement in Mesopotamia
- Detail how religion and politics were linked in Mesopotamia
- Recount traditional and historical periods of Egyptian history
- Discuss social structures of ancient Egypt
- List key achievements of ancient Egypt
- Discuss empires that emerged upon the collapse of the Bronze Age
- Relate examples of Ancient Near East art
Subject-matter experts present the information in these lessons on early civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Near East in a manner that makes the material is easy to understand. If you find yourself struggling with a topic, you can use the Help feature to submit questions to instructors. A short quiz is available to test your knowledge of each lesson, and the quizzes, when printed out, can double as offline study worksheets.
1. Neolithic Age: Definition, Characteristics & Time Period
What's between the Old Stone Age and the Bronze Age? The New Stone Age! Though stone tools continued to develop, the greatest contributor to human history in this period was the Agricultural Revolution. We'll explore the growth development in this lesson.
2. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization
In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.
3. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion
Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.
4. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age
This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.
5. Egyptian Social Structure: From Slaves to Pharaoh
In this lesson, we will explore ancient Egypt's social structure. We'll start at the top of this great pyramid with the Pharaoh and work our way to the bottom, where we'll find peasants and slaves.
6. Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.
7. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires
This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.
8. Ancient Near East Art As a Reflection of History, Politics & Culture
In this lesson, we will explore how the art of the Ancient Near East reflects the history, politics, and culture of that region. We will look at several examples of art that make a special contribution to this process.
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Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading & Research Skills
- Historiography & World History
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Early Indian Civilization
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
- The Spread of Islam & The Byzantine Empire
- Europe after the Decline of the Roman Empire
- Overview of Global Religions
- The European Renaissance & Protestant Reformation
- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- European Expansion from 1450-1650
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
- Impacts of European Imperialism
- Causes & Consequences of World War I
- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
- Contemporary Global Challenges
- The Precontact Period & Settling North America
- Causes & Consequences of the American Revolution
- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Major Figures in U.S. History from the Precontact Period-1789
- Political & Constitutional Developments from 1789-1877
- Westward Expansion, Economic Growth & U.S. Foreign Relations from 1789-1877
- Major Antebellum Reform Movements & Key Reformers
- Sectionalism & the American Civil War
- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
- The American Progressive Era
- American Imperialism & Rise to International Power
- The 1920s in the U.S.
- Causes & Effects of the Great Depression
- U.S. Foreign Policy since World War II
- Major U.S. Political Events & Developments since 1945
- U.S. Economic Developments since 1946
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
- Major Social & Political U.S. Movements During the Postwar Period
- Basic Geographic Terms & Concepts
- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
- Physical Features of the Earth
- Characteristics of World Geography
- Elements of Weather & Climate
- Human Societies & the Environment
- Characteristics of Human Systems
- Basic Political Science Terms & Concepts
- Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science
- Systems of Government
- Key Political Documents
- Significance of Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
- U.S. Electoral System & Political Process Participation
- U.S. Citizenship Rights & Responsibilities
- Levels of U.S. Government
- Basic Economic Terms & Concepts
- Microeconomics Concepts & Laws
- Interpreting Economic Information
- Operation of Business Firms
- Fundamentals of Consumer Economics
- Fundamentals of Personal Finance
- Economic Institutions & Groups
- Unemployment, Inflation & Deflation
- NES Social Science Flashcards