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Ch 32: Early Civilizations in the Americas & Colonization

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Deepen your understanding of the early civilizations and colonization in the Americas through this chapter's lessons. These videos are accompanied by helpful self-assessment quizzes and accessible 24 hours a day.

Early Civilizations in the Americas & Colonization - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, you'll find lessons covering America's early civilizations and the effects of colonization on indigenous populations. These lessons are easy to follow, making studying the Mesoamericans, Native Americans, and Incas simple and fun. After completion of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Discuss Native American history and origins of early people in the Americas
  • Describe Mesoamerican and Andes civilizations
  • Identify ancient Andean groups like the Chavins and Incas
  • Summarize the North American Indians civilizations before European arrivals
  • Analyze the effects of European Colonization
  • List Spanish explorers and Spanish colonies
  • Identify the Columbian exchange

Tailor the resources in this chapter to match your study needs to ensure you review all the topics you need. Access the engaging videos or text transcripts in any sequence and as often as you desire. After studying the lessons, you can test your comprehension by taking self-assessment quizzes or you can contact instructors with any lesson questions through your dashboard.

8 Lessons in Chapter 32: Early Civilizations in the Americas & Colonization
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

1. Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

Because the first humans and civilizations got their start in Africa and the Middle East, historians and anthropologists have had to figure out how Native Americans got to the Americas. In this lesson we look at the three prevailing theories of the earliest migration to the New World.

Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

2. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.

Ancient Andean Peoples: Chavin & Inca

3. Ancient Andean Peoples: Chavin & Inca

In this lesson, we will explore the Chavin and Inca civilizations of South America. We will study the rise and fall of these two cultures, as well as their major characteristics.

Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

4. Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

Watch this video for an overview of the cultural groups of Native Americans as they lived at the time of first contact with Europeans. Some of these groupings, like the tribes of the plains, changed so much due to the addition of European influences, such as horses, that there is only conjecture as to how exactly they lived before European contact.

Early Civilizations of the Andes

5. Early Civilizations of the Andes

The Inca were far from the first society to thrive in the Andes Mountains. This lesson introduces the Andes as a region, as well as the cultures of the Chavin, Moche, and Nazca peoples.

Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

6. Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

The earliest explorers in the Western Hemisphere left a legacy that would shape the development of the Americas permanently. No matter what they came looking for, Europeans left behind death, horses, and metal.

New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

7. New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

Who are the most well-known explorers and conquistadors of the New World? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the most infamous explorers. We'll discover the difference between explorers and conquistadors, and then learn about the encomienda system.

The Columbian Exchange

8. The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.

Chapter Practice Exam
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