About This Chapter
Early Civilizations in the Americas & Colonization - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll find lessons covering America's early civilizations and the effects of colonization on indigenous populations. These lessons are easy to follow, making studying the Mesoamericans, Native Americans, and Incas simple and fun. After completion of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Discuss Native American history and origins of early people in the Americas
- Describe Mesoamerican and Andes civilizations
- Identify ancient Andean groups like the Chavins and Incas
- Summarize the North American Indians civilizations before European arrivals
- Analyze the effects of European Colonization
- List Spanish explorers and Spanish colonies
- Identify the Columbian exchange
Tailor the resources in this chapter to match your study needs to ensure you review all the topics you need. Access the engaging videos or text transcripts in any sequence and as often as you desire. After studying the lessons, you can test your comprehension by taking self-assessment quizzes or you can contact instructors with any lesson questions through your dashboard.
1. Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas
Because the first humans and civilizations got their start in Africa and the Middle East, historians and anthropologists have had to figure out how Native Americans got to the Americas. In this lesson we look at the three prevailing theories of the earliest migration to the New World.
2. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes
This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.
3. Ancient Andean Peoples: Chavin & Inca
In this lesson, we will explore the Chavin and Inca civilizations of South America. We will study the rise and fall of these two cultures, as well as their major characteristics.
4. Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans
Watch this video for an overview of the cultural groups of Native Americans as they lived at the time of first contact with Europeans. Some of these groupings, like the tribes of the plains, changed so much due to the addition of European influences, such as horses, that there is only conjecture as to how exactly they lived before European contact.
5. Early Civilizations of the Andes
The Inca were far from the first society to thrive in the Andes Mountains. This lesson introduces the Andes as a region, as well as the cultures of the Chavin, Moche, and Nazca peoples.
6. Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans
The earliest explorers in the Western Hemisphere left a legacy that would shape the development of the Americas permanently. No matter what they came looking for, Europeans left behind death, horses, and metal.
7. New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies
Who are the most well-known explorers and conquistadors of the New World? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the most infamous explorers. We'll discover the difference between explorers and conquistadors, and then learn about the encomienda system.
8. The Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.
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Other chapters within the CSET Social Science: Study Guide & Prep course
- About the CSET Social Science Test
- Prehistory & Early Civilizations
- Ancient Near East History
- Early Empires in the Near East & Asia
- Political & Philosophical Thought in Ancient Asia
- History of Ancient Greece & Hellenism
- The Roman Republic Rises
- History of the Fall of Rome
- Understanding the Dark Ages
- Understanding the Early Middle Ages
- Medieval Warm Period Overview
- High Middle Ages Overview
- Late Middle Ages Overview
- The Renaissance Overview
- The Age of Exploration & Discovery
- Overview of the Reformation Across Europe
- The Elizabethan Era Overview
- Overview of Colonialism
- Absolutism & Constitutionalism in Europe
- Shifting Eastern European Power (1648-1740)
- 18th Century Empire & Expansion
- The Age of Enlightenment
- The French Revolution & Napoleon Bonaparte
- Industrialization from 1700-1900
- Global Politics (1760-1848)
- Nationalism in Europe, Africa, Asia & the Americas
- Life & Trends in Europe (1850-1914)
- 19th and 20th Century Imperialism
- The World Post-WWI
- Overview of World War II
- Western Civilization Post-WWII
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Understanding the American Revolution
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution
- The Virginia Dynasty
- Jacksonian Democracy
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion
- America's Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century
- Overview of American Imperialism & World War I
- 1920s America
- Overview of the Great Depression
- World Events & Politics After World War II (1946-1959)
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Civil Rights & Other Movements in the US (1954-1973)
- Presidential Domestic Policy 1970-Present
- Overview of California History
- Principles & Concepts of American Democracy
- Fundamental Values & Principles of Civil Society
- Branches of Government in the U.S.
- U.S. Supreme Court Landmark Cases
- The U.S. Election Process
- Levels of Government in the United States
- Media Influence in the U.S.
- Comparing Political Systems
- Tension in U.S. Democracy
- Basic Terms & Concepts in Economics
- American Market Economy
- The Relationship between Politics & Economics
- U.S. Labor Markets in a Global Setting
- Aggregate Economic Behavior of the American Economy
- International Trade & the Economy
- Tools & Perspectives of Geographic Study
- Geographic Diversity of Natural Landscapes & Human Societies
- Culture & the Physical Environment
- Environmental Science Basics
- Effects of Humans on the Environment
- CSET Social Science Flashcards