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Ch 19: Early Development to Childbirth: Tutoring Solution

About This Chapter

The Early Development to Childbirth chapter of this Anatomy and Physiology Tutoring Solution is a flexible and affordable path to learning about early development and childbirth. These simple and fun video lessons are each about five minutes long, and they teach the stages of fertilization, fetal development and neonatal development covered in a typical anatomy and physiology course.

How it works:

  • Begin your assignment or other anatomy and physiology work.
  • Identify the early development and childbirth concepts that you're stuck on.
  • Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
  • Press play, watch and learn!
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.

Who's it for?

This chapter of our Anatomy and Physiology Tutoring Solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn about early development and childbirth and earn better grades. This resource can help students, including those who:

  • Struggle with understanding fertilization, zygote formation, embryonic and fetal development, stages of labor, the neonatal period or any other early development and childbirth topic
  • Have limited time for studying
  • Want a cost effective way to supplement their science learning
  • Prefer learning science visually
  • Find themselves failing or close to failing their early development and childbirth unit
  • Cope with ADD or ADHD
  • Want to get ahead in anatomy and physiology
  • Don't have access to their science teacher outside of class

Why it works:

  • Engaging Tutors: We make learning about early development and childbirth simple and fun.
  • Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
  • Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live anatomy and physiology tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
  • Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn about early development and childbirth on the go!
  • Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.

Learning Objectives

  • Learn about the processes of fertilization and zygote formation.
  • Describe the process of oocyte activation and understand the first steps of cell cleavage.
  • Explain the embryo's transformation from morula to blastula.
  • Discuss how the embryo implants in the uterus and explain how the placenta forms.
  • Understand the structure and function of the placenta.
  • Learn the functions of the amnion, amniotic fluid and the yolk sac.
  • Explain how the process of gastrulation results in three germ layers.
  • Discuss the fetal developments that take place during each of the three trimesters.
  • Understand how external genitalia develops in males and females.
  • Explain the role hormones play in labor and delivery.
  • Describe the three stages of labor.
  • Take a look at the possible fetal positions prior to birth, and learn which are normal and which are abnormal.
  • Discuss the surgical process of a c-section and explain the risks involved.
  • Understand the possible complications associated with multiple births.
  • Differentiate between spontaneous abortions and premature births.
  • Explain some of the common causes for miscarriage or spontaneous abortion.
  • List the hormones involved in lactation.
  • Describe the physiological and anatomical changes that occur during the first month of life.
  • Discuss the most common female sterilization procedures.
  • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of vasectomies.

24 Lessons in Chapter 19: Early Development to Childbirth: Tutoring Solution
Fertilization and Zygote Formation: Definition and Processes

1. Fertilization and Zygote Formation: Definition and Processes

Follow the male's sperm and the female's egg on their way to meet each other in this lesson that takes you through the process of fertilization in humans. Learn about the obstacles the sperm must get through before it can fertilize the egg.

Fertilization: Oocyte Activation & Cell Cleavage

2. Fertilization: Oocyte Activation & Cell Cleavage

When is the exact moment of fertilization? Learn the answer in this lesson. We'll look at what happens after the sperm penetrates the outer layers of the oocyte during the process of fertilization.

Early Embryonic Development: The Morula and Blastula

3. Early Embryonic Development: The Morula and Blastula

This lesson on the early stages of mammalian development covers the processes following fertilization, such as cleavage, the morula formation and blastula formation. Watch to learn what the inner cell mass, trophoblast cells and blastocyst are, as well as their functions within embryonic development.

Embryo Implantation and Placenta Formation

4. Embryo Implantation and Placenta Formation

This lesson will cover the journey the mammalian embryo first makes after it has been fertilized. Learn how maternal blood moves through the embryo, and how the placenta is formed.

The Placenta and the Fetus: Structure and Function

5. The Placenta and the Fetus: Structure and Function

Have you ever wondered how a baby eats before it's born or if babies go to the bathroom while still inside their mother? In this lesson, you will learn about the placenta and how it works to ensure a fetus stays well-nourished and healthy before birth.

Amniotic Fluid, The Amnion, and the Yolk Sac

6. Amniotic Fluid, The Amnion, and the Yolk Sac

From a chick developing inside an egg to a human baby growing in its mother's womb, all developing vertebrates rely on a support system to protect them, feed them, supply them with oxygen, remove wastes, and do much, much more to ensure that the embryo grows and develops into a fully functional organism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the different parts of that support system and some of the things that they do.

Gastrulation and the 3 Germ Layers (Ectoderm, Endoderm & Mesoderm)

7. Gastrulation and the 3 Germ Layers (Ectoderm, Endoderm & Mesoderm)

Gastrulation is a key process in embryonic development - it's how a simple ball of cells begins to grow into a fully functioning being! Watch this lesson to learn about a key process in the development of almost all multicellular organisms.

Fetal Development in the First Trimester: Stages & Timeline

8. Fetal Development in the First Trimester: Stages & Timeline

We all know it takes 9 months for the baby to develop inside the mother's womb, but have you ever thought about how or when all those different organs and systems appear? When does the fetal heart start beating or the brain develop? Find out in this lesson covering the first trimester of pre-natal development.

Second Trimester Fetal Development

9. Second Trimester Fetal Development

The growth and development of a baby is an amazingly detailed and complex process. It starts with a ball of cells, which grows all the way to a full grown, eight pound baby in nine months! In this lesson, learn about what happens during the second trimester of pregnancy.

Third Trimester Fetal Development

10. Third Trimester Fetal Development

This is it - the last step, the last few months before the birth of a baby! Learn about the changes the developing fetus goes through during the third and final trimester.

External Genital Development in Males and Females

11. External Genital Development in Males and Females

The developed genitals of a male look much different than the developed genitals of a female. However, they both grow from identical sets of tissues. Learn more about external genital development and find out how and when the tissue changes.

Childbirth: The Role of Hormones in Labor and Delivery

12. Childbirth: The Role of Hormones in Labor and Delivery

How does a mother's body know when it is time to give birth? How does the labor process begin and end? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson on the hormones involved in childbirth.

The Three Stages of Labor: Dilation, Expulsion & Placental

13. The Three Stages of Labor: Dilation, Expulsion & Placental

You may think of the process of labor and childbirth as one long event, but it is actually divided into different stages. Learn about each of the three stages of labor in this lesson.

Fetal Dystocia: Normal and Abnormal Fetal Positions Prior to Childbirth

14. Fetal Dystocia: Normal and Abnormal Fetal Positions Prior to Childbirth

While the majority of births proceed without too many complications, occasionally some births don't go quite as planned. Learn about some of the more common types of complications in this lesson on difficult births and fetal dystocia.

What is a C-Section? - Procedure, Types & Delivery

15. What is a C-Section? - Procedure, Types & Delivery

Do you know what happens when something goes wrong during the birthing process? You may have heard about C-sections, but do you know why they are performed - or how? Learn about this and more in this lesson on Cesarean sections.

Multiple Births: Symptoms, Difficulties & Types

16. Multiple Births: Symptoms, Difficulties & Types

While the thought of twins or triplets may be exciting or intriguing, have you ever considered the difficulties that are involved in the birthing of multiple babies? Learn about the different types of twins and some of the complications that come along with being pregnant with twins, triplets, and other sets of multiple births.

Premature Births and Associated Complications

17. Premature Births and Associated Complications

What classifies a baby as premature? If they are born premature, how likely is it that they will survive? Learn about this and more in this lesson on the risks and complications of premature birth.

Common Causes of Miscarriage or Spontaneous Abortion

18. Common Causes of Miscarriage or Spontaneous Abortion

We all know that sometimes pregnancies don't go as planned. Occasionally, for no apparent reason, the developing baby is miscarried. Learn about some of the symptoms and causes of miscarriages in this lesson.

The Neonatal Period: Lactation and Nursing

19. The Neonatal Period: Lactation and Nursing

Ever wonder how the mother's body knows when to produce milk for her coming baby? Learn about the hormones and cells involved in milk production and release in this lesson on lactation and nursing.

The Neonatal Period: Changes During the First Month of Life

20. The Neonatal Period: Changes During the First Month of Life

Development of our internal systems doesn't stop with birth. Learn about some of the main changes that occur during a newborn infant's first month of life in this lesson on the neonatal period.

Female Sterilization Procedures: Tubal Ligation and Tubal Occlusion

21. Female Sterilization Procedures: Tubal Ligation and Tubal Occlusion

So, you and your spouse have reached that point in life where you are done having kids. What now? In this lesson, you will learn about some of the methods of permanent female sterilization available to women who have decided not to have any more children.

Vasectomy: Purpose, Advantages & Disadvantages

22. Vasectomy: Purpose, Advantages & Disadvantages

You may have heard of a guy 'getting snipped,' a procedure otherwise known as a vasectomy. What this entails may be simpler than you think. Learn about the procedure, effects and reversal options in this lesson on the vasectomy.

The Fetal Period of Pregnancy: Definition & Development

23. The Fetal Period of Pregnancy: Definition & Development

The fetal stage of pregnancy is a critical developmental phase for an unborn child. Many key changes take place to prepare the child for independent living outside of the womb. This article discusses the critical time periods within the fetal stage of development.

What is Sterilization? - Definition, Methods & Types

24. What is Sterilization? - Definition, Methods & Types

Have you ever heard the term sterilization? It refers to a medical procedure that prevents pregnancy. In this lesson, you'll learn the definition, methods, and different types of sterilization.

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