About This Chapter
Early Egyptian Civilization - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Explore early settlements in Egypt and discover some of the geographic factors that affected ancient settlements. The engaging and quick video lessons in this chapter introduce you to pyramids, obelisks and other Egyptian achievements as well as the art and architecture that typified this period of Egyptian civilization. Subject matter experts guide you through lessons on Egyptian social structure and ancient Nubian cultures. At the end of this chapter, you'll have knowledge of:
- Environmental and geographic factors that led to early Egyptian civilizations
- Egyptian society in the Bronze Age
- Hieroglyphics, and Egyptian calendar and astronomy
- Women of ancient Egypt
- Early Egyptian architectural influences
|Geography of Early Settlements in Egypt, Kush & Canaan||Examine the physical geography and environmental factors that encouraged the early settling of lands in Egypt, Canaan and Kush.|
|Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age||Determine how Egypt was an apex of the Bronze Age society. Discuss ancient Egypt's accomplishments and limitations during this period.|
|Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar||Learn about how King Menes united a river valley and the Pharaohs managed the construction of obelisks and pyramids. Study the ways hieroglyphics were used, and learn how the Egyptians' used astronomy to create a calendar.|
|Egyptian Women: Royalty, Privileges & Tradition||Compare and contrast Egyptian women's powers and limitations. Depict the rule of Queen Hatshepsut, including her achievements and fall from power.|
|Egyptian Social Structure: From Slaves to Pharaoh||Use a pyramid to understand the social structure of Egypt. Start at the top with the pharaohs and make your way through nobles, soldiers, merchants and slaves.|
|Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style||Dig into ancient Egyptian paintings, sculptures, pottery and carvings. Explore the different themes and periods of Egyptian art.|
|Ancient Egyptian Architecture: History, Characteristics & Influences||View the significant structures that characterize Egyptian architecture. Learn about the motivations and influences that led to the building of ancient Egyptian temples and pyramids.|
|Cultures of Ancient Nubia||Identify the different cultures of ancient Nubia and the locations of important kingdoms. Discuss the Nubians' skills in pottery, weapon and tool making.|
1. Geography of Early Settlements in Egypt, Kush & Canaan
In this lesson, you will explore the connection between geography and the rise of civilizations across prominent areas of Africa and the Middle East. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age
This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.
3. Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.
4. Egyptian Women: Royalty, Privileges & Tradition
In this lesson, we will study ancient Egyptian women. We will focus especially on the rights and privileges they enjoyed in the legal, economic, and social realms, and we will meet Egypt's most famous female ruler.
5. Egyptian Social Structure: From Slaves to Pharaoh
In this lesson, we will explore ancient Egypt's social structure. We'll start at the top of this great pyramid with the Pharaoh and work our way to the bottom, where we'll find peasants and slaves.
6. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
7. Ancient Egyptian Architecture: History, Characteristics & Influences
This lesson explores the architectural wonders of ancient Egypt. Some of these structures include temples, pyramids and monumental statues constructed long ago and surviving into modern times.
8. Cultures of Ancient Nubia
In this lesson, you will explore the history of several ancient Nubian cultures and discover their impact on African development. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance