About This Chapter
Early Evolution of American Government - Chapter Summary
Rediscover the early beginnings of the establishment of American government as taught by the expert instructors in these lessons. As you examine some of the key documents that established the laws of the new nation, you'll also review their relevance to one another and their overall importance. You'll also discuss the policies of some of the country's first presidencies. By the end of this chapter, you'll have a better understanding of:
- The creation of state constitutions
- The Articles of Confederation and its reliance on the Northwest Ordinance
- Outcome of the Great Compromise from the Constitutional Convention
- The ratification of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights
- Jeffersonian Democracy
- Madison's presidency during the War of 1812
- The Monroe Doctrine
- Chief Justice John Marshall's leadership of the Supreme Court
- President Jackson's policies and the uprising of the Whig Party
As you carefully and thoroughly study the people, policies and documents featured in these lessons, take the opportunity to assess your comprehension by utilizing the multiple-choice quizzes and chapter exam. These assessment tools measure your retention of the material while also identifying areas you may need to further review. Lesson quizzes also include printable worksheets that, along with transcripts for video lessons, can be used as hard-copy study material.
1. Creating State Constitutions After the American Revolution
After the revolution, the states had to figure out what the rule of the people would be like. The early state constitutions and how they were drafted would inform the process and the resulting document that would become the U.S. Constitution.
2. The Articles of Confederation and the Northwest Ordinance
The Articles of Confederation was the new nation's founding document, but the government established under the Articles was too weak. The new central government had no way of raising revenue and no ability to enforce the commitments made by the states. The Northwest Ordinance paved the way for the growth of the new nation.
3. The Constitutional Convention: The Great Compromise
The Constitutional Convention was intended to amend the Articles of Confederation. Instead, those in attendance set out to found a republic (the likes of which had never been seen), which is still going strong well over 200 years later. To accomplish this task, compromises had to be made. The Great Compromise designed the bicameral congress the U.S. has today.
4. The Ratification of the Constitution and the New U.S. Government
The U.S. Constitution may be one of the most important documents in history, but it wasn't a sure thing. A lot of debate took place. There were many people passionate about ratification, and many people passionate about ensuring it didn't get ratified. The divide over the Constitution shows us the root of political parties in the U.S.
5. The Bill of Rights: The Constitution's First 10 Amendments
The Bill of Rights was pivotal in getting the U.S. Constitution ratified. More importantly, the Bill of Rights guarantees the rights of every citizen of the United States in a way that is nearly unequaled.
6. President Jefferson's Election and Jeffersonian Democracy
The presidential election of 1800 was a rematch between President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson. An electoral tie between Jefferson and his running mate forced the House of Representatives to decide. The election inaugurated 24 years of political dominance for the Democratic-Republican Party.
7. President Madison and the War of 1812
Though often overlooked in the annals of American history, the War of 1812 was really a landmark event for a young nation finding its footing amidst a global power struggle. Watch our lesson to follow President James Madison and the War of 1812 into the inky shadows of history.
8. James Monroe's Presidency: The Monroe Doctrine
Can you imagine a time when there was only one political party in the United States? Find out why James Monroe was one of the nation's most popular presidents during his lifetime and learn about his foreign policy that endured for nearly a century.
9. John Marshall's Supreme Court During the Virginia Dynasty
Think old Supreme Court cases don't relate to your life today? Under the leadership of Chief Justice John Marshall, the Supreme Court made many landmark decisions that shaped the American judicial system - including the rights of citizens - and affect the most important cases in the country to this day.
10. Andrew Jackson vs. the Whig Party: Rise of Executive Power
In this lesson, we will discuss how Andrew Jackson's administration strengthened executive power as well as the rise of the Whig Party in opposition to Jackson and his policies.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MTTC Social Studies (Elementary) (105): Practice & Study Guide course
- Social Science Basics
- Social Science Inquiry & Research
- Historical Text & Information Analysis
- Early Civilizations & Cultures
- Contributions & History of Ancient Greece
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- Development of Religions
- Islamic Culture
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- Ancient China
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- Renaissance & Reformation
- European Expansion (1450-1750)
- Scientific & Political Revolutions Since 1700
- European Imperialism
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- 19th Century American Expansion & Reform
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century
- American Imperialism
- A World at War - WWI
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- Significant Events of World War II
- Post-WWII World Cultures & Politics (1946-1959)
- Developments & Movements Since 1945
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Michigan History
- Basic Geography Concepts
- Effects of Humans on the Environment
- Human Systems & Culture
- Geography of the Eastern Hemisphere
- Geography of the Western Hemisphere
- Impact of Politics on Geography
- Inter-Continental Organizations
- International Treaties, Agreements & Organizations
- Government & Political Systems
- Important Speeches & Documents in US History
- US Government, Political Process & Citizenship
- History of Political Parties in the U.S.
- US Policy Making
- US Legal System & Landmark Supreme Court Cases
- Business and the Economy
- Basics of International Economics
- Analyzing Democratic Values
- MTTC Social Studies (Elementary) Flashcards