About This Chapter
Early Indian Civilizations & Empires - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
If you're curious about the religion and culture of ancient Indian civilizations, check out the lessons in this chapter. Our experienced instructors can help you examine the concept of Brahman, the four goals of Hindu life and the teachings of Buddha. You'll also study early Indian society under the rule of its most powerful leaders. Listed below are just some of the topics of discussion:
- Origins and defining features of Hinduism
- Buddhism's origins and central tenets
- Achievements of the Mauryan Empire
- Characteristics of the Gupta Dynasty
|The Origins of Hinduism: the Indus River Valley & the Harappa Culture||Discover the origins of Hinduism and explore the influences of the Aryans on this religion.|
|The Four Goals of Hindu Life: Kama, Artha, Dharma & Moksha||Examine each of Hinduism's four permissible goals.|
|Gautama Buddha: The Founding of Buddhism||Get a brief biography of Siddhartha Gautama and learn how his teachings spread through Asia.|
|Buddhism: The Middle Way to Enlightenment||Take a closer look at the Eightfold Path and the Dark Peer Discourse.|
|The Mauryan Empire in India: Rulers & Edicts||Recognize the civil, economic and religious achievements of this empire's three major rulers: Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara and Ashoka.|
|King Ashoka & the First Unification of India||Examine the spread of Buddhism and the unification of the Mauryan Empire during King Ashoka's reign.|
|The Gupta Dynasty in India: Leaders & Arabic Numerals||Explore the history of the Gupta Empire, beginning with the reign of Chandra Gupta, and identify some of this empire's accomplishments.|
|Indian Religions, Culture, Science & Trade||Follow the spread of Indian literature and science, as well as Hinduism and Buddhism, over the silk roads.|
|Hindu Castes and the Laws of Manu||Study the origins of the caste system in the Laws of Manu. Identify members making up the Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra and Untouchable castes.|
1. The Origins of Hinduism: the Indus River Valley & the Harappa Culture
This lesson will seek to explain the origins of Hinduism. Highlighting the Harappa culture and the Vedic period, it will also explore the Hindu beliefs in Moksha and Brahman.
2. The Four Goals of Hindu Life: Kama, Artha, Dharma & Moksha
This lesson will seek to explain the four permissible goals of Hindu life. In doing so, it will define the ancient concepts of kama, artha, dharma and moksha.
3. Gautama Buddha: The Founding of Buddhism
This lesson will explore the founding of Buddhism and the life of Siddhartha Gautama. It will also highlight nirvana, asceticism, the concept of a bodhisattva, and the Bodhi tree.
4. Buddhism: The Middle Way to Enlightenment
This lesson will explore the term 'Middle Way' as an alternate name for Buddhism. In doing so, it will highlight Siddhartha Gautama as the founder of Buddhism, while also detailing his belief in the Eightfold Path.
5. The Mauryan Empire in India: Rulers & Edicts
In this lesson, we will study India's Mauryan Empire. We will learn about its rulers, explore its government and economy, delve into its religious life, and examine its decline and disappearance.
6. King Ashoka & the First Unification of India
While often thought of as one of the most peaceful kings in history, Ashoka had a bloodthirsty past and a family heritage to match. Learn more about this king and his influence on Buddhism.
7. The Gupta Dynasty in India: Leaders & Arabic Numerals
In this lesson, we will explore India's Gupta dynasty. We will learn about its founding and expansion, discover the achievements of its people, and examine its decline and disappearance.
8. Indian Religions, Culture, Science & Trade
India has had a massive impact on the world, from being the birthplace of two popular religions to being the origin for many of the most important scientific discoveries in history.
9. Hindu Castes and the Laws of Manu
This lesson will seek to explain the complex Hindu castes of Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra, and the Untouchables. It will also highlight the Laws of Manu.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance