About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Early Middle Ages chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Charlemagne and Feudalism||Definition of feudalism; establishment and division of the Holy Roman Empire and Charlemagne's relationship with the Catholic Church|
|Tuesday||Impact of Monasticism and the Vikings on Western Civilization||Positive and disruptive influences on Western Civilization, including contributions of the monasticism movement and effects of Viking raids|
|Wednesday||Carolingian Architecture and Art||Characteristics and styles of Carolingian art and buildings; highlights of the Carolingian Renaissance|
|Thursday||Armored Knight and the Crossbow||Influence of armored knight technology on feudalism and protection from horse peoples and the Vikings; use and disuse of the crossbow in Europe|
|Friday||Feudal Ties and Decline of the Byzantine Empire||Explanation of how feudal ties and manors enhanced administrative stability; contributing factors to the lengthy decline of the Byzantine Empire|
1. Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
This lesson explains the rule of Charlemagne and his control over the Holy Roman Empire. It highlights his many military conquests and his divine rights as king, while also focusing on the role feudalism played before, during, and after his reign.
2. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule
This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.
3. Monasticism from St. Benedict to Cluny
This lesson will trace the history of Western monasticism from Benedict to Cluny. It will focus on the Benedictine rule while also highlight monastic contributions to society.
4. Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics
This lesson covers the art of the Carolingian Renaissance. We'll explore the causes of the Carolingian Renaissance, then see how the art of illumination was adapted for new uses. Then we'll discuss treasure bindings and finish with a quick survey of the few other surviving forms of Carolingian art.
5. Carolingian Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Examples
This lesson covers Carolingian architecture. We first look at Charlemagne's place in a long tradition of imperial builders. We then look at features that distinguish Carolingian churches from early Christian churches: piers, transepts, choirs and westworks. Finally, we explore the blueprint of a Carolingian monastery.
6. History of the Vikings
This lesson covers the history of the Vikings. We examine the Viking longships and their role in raids. Then we explore the impact these raids had on European history. Next we look at some of the other things the Vikings did besides raiding.
7. The Technology Behind the Armored Knight
This lesson looks at the technology behind the armored knight. We'll follow the development of medieval armor and the development of the saddle. Finally, we'll look at the implications of this expensive form of warfare.
8. The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe
This lesson looks at the return of the crossbow to Medieval Europe. The relative cost of crossbows to armored knights is explored, as are the socioeconomic repercussions of each.
9. Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors
This lesson will explore the impact of feudalism on European society. While explaining the system of feudalism, it will highlight how it offered protection and stability to Europe, specifically after the 5th century fall of Rome.
10. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire
This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.
11. What is Medieval Feudalism? - Definition, Structure & History
In this lesson, you'll learn about the historical background, basic structure, and general nature of feudalism as practiced in Medieval Europe between the 9th and 15th centuries.
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