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Ch 4: Early River-Valley Civilizations

About This Chapter

This chapter explores the culture and development of early river-valley civilizations around the world. Compare their development as you work through each of the lessons.

Early River-Valley Civilizations - Chapter Summary

Throughout history, rivers have been a source of life. As man settled in the fertile river valleys around the world, early civilizations developed and thrived. Building, art, communication, and trade began to develop. The lessons in this chapter will outline the early development of river-valley civilizations around the world, then compare their histories and accomplishments. You'll discover:

  • Mesopotamia
  • The Fertile Crescent: the Nile, Tigris, and Euphrates
  • Kush and its people
  • Indus valley civilization
  • Afro-Eurasian river civilizations
  • Early river civilizations in the Americas and their comparison to those in Afro-Eurasia

Engaging videos will transport you back in time as you study these early civilizations. Our knowledgeable instructors present the material in brief, easy-to-understand segments and are always available to answer questions. Work at your own pace and review anytime you like. Look up key terms in the written transcript and when you are ready, take the self-assessment quiz to see what you have learned.

9 Lessons in Chapter 4: Early River-Valley Civilizations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Major River Systems of Mesopotamia & Egypt

1. Major River Systems of Mesopotamia & Egypt

Without rivers, the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia might have never existed. Learn more about the role that the Nile River played in Egypt and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers played in Mesopotamia.

Tigris River in History: Facts & Map

2. Tigris River in History: Facts & Map

In this lesson, we explore the Tigris River and its impact on history. Along with its sister channel, the Euphrates, the Tigris fostered the growth of some of humankind's earliest civilizations in Sumer and Mesopotamia.

Euphrates River in History: Facts, Map & Role in Civilization

3. Euphrates River in History: Facts, Map & Role in Civilization

In this lesson we explore the Middle East's largest river: the Euphrates. Surrounded by fertile agricultural land, the Euphrates help foster humankind's earliest urban and agricultural civilizations.

The Ancient Nile Valley: Civilizations, Region & Facts

4. The Ancient Nile Valley: Civilizations, Region & Facts

In this lesson, we explore the ancient Nile Valley and the Nile River, which is its lifeline. Arguably the longest river in the world, the Nile supported some of humankind's first complex civilizations.

What Is the Kush Civilization?

5. What Is the Kush Civilization?

While they may not get all the attention of other Egyptian neighbors, such as the Persians or Hittites, the Kush were a major factor in many of Egypt's decisions, both regarding trade and warfare. Learn about the Kush in this lesson.

Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro

6. Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro

In this lesson, we will explore the mysterious Indus Valley civilization, which was located in modern Pakistan and reached its high point between about 2500 BCE and 1900 BCE.

Early River Valley Civilizations in Afro-Eurasia

7. Early River Valley Civilizations in Afro-Eurasia

Some of the first civilizations in the world tend to have one major feature in common. In this lesson, we'll look at the first civilizations of Afro-Eurasia and examine the similarities and differences in their origins.

Early River Valley Civilizations in the Americas

8. Early River Valley Civilizations in the Americas

Before the arrival of Europeans, the Americas were already full of complex civilizations. But which ones came first? In this lesson we'll talk about the development of settled civilizations in the Western Hemisphere.

A Comparison of Early River Valley Civilizations

9. A Comparison of Early River Valley Civilizations

Where did civilizations first arise? In this lesson, we'll be exploring the early river valley civilizations, some of the oldest settled societies in the world, to see what they have in common and what makes them unique.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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