About This Chapter
Early World Civilizations - Chapter Summary
If you are looking for ways to gain greater insight into early world civilizations, this chapter can help! Developed by top instructors, the video lessons in this chapter provide an informative and entertaining look at the lives of early humans and their evolution as they formed civilizations. Ensure you have a good grasp of concepts covered in this chapter by sending lesson topic questions to our experts and testing your knowledge with quizzes and a chapter exam. In no time, you will know more about the following:
- How the last Ice Age brought new human opportunities
- What the origins of humankind were
- What characterized the foraging and pastoral nomadic societies
- Differences between the Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures
- What caused the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
- Why the early mother goddess was worshipped
- How the Great Flood occurred and prompted population migrations
- How the horse people and nomadic pastoralism impacted the development of civilization
1. The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities
When the last ice age began to thaw, plant growth reduced herd animals' need to migrate, ushering in the era of domestication and new opportunities for humans. Explore how domestication evolved and changed the trajectory of early human history.
2. The Origins of Humankind
In this lesson, we explore the fascinating and diverse species of hominids that belong to the evolutionary tree of humankind, as well as the important developments in its history.
3. Foraging & Pastoral Nomadic Societies: Definition & Characteristics
This lesson will discuss those who practice foraging and pastoralism for survival. We will also define the term 'nomadic' and focus on what it means to be egalitarian.
4. Preliterate Cultures: Paleolithic vs Neolithic
In this lesson we briefly explore the origins of Homo sapiens before discovering the differences between the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras of human civilization.
5. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications
The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution introduced a new sedentary way of living, in which people could farm enough food to produce a surplus, thus allowing them to abandon the nomadic lifestyle. In this lesson, learn about some of the far-reaching implications of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution, including division of labor, the positive feedback loop, and rapid population growth.
6. Mystery Cults and the Early Mother Goddess
Many of the earliest civilizations and mystery cults appear to have worshiped an early Mother Goddess. Learn about the Mother Goddess figurines made by prehistoric humans that have been discovered all over the world.
7. The Great Flood and Population Migrations
For thousands of years, there has been a myth about The Great Flood. Learn about how there may be some truth to the Great Flood, as well as what may have caused the flood and the effects that it may have had on humans and their migration.
8. Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?
Civilization is just one method of living, and just like today, there were pros and cons to settled agriculture in ancient times. Learn about alternative methods of living by exploring the horse people and how their nomadic pastoralism contrasted to settled agriculture.
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Other chapters within the World History: High School course
- Early Near East Civilizations
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of the Ancient Greeks
- History of The Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- Timeline of the Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- Timeline of the High Middle Ages
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- History of The European Renaissance
- The Reformation Across Europe
- The Age of Exploration
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- Europe, Asia, the Middle East & Africa Post-War
- The Cold War
- Latin America Since 1900
- The 21st Century