About This Chapter
Early World Civilizations - Chapter Summary
If you are looking for ways to gain greater insight into early world civilizations, this chapter can help! Developed by top instructors, the video lessons in this chapter provide an informative and entertaining look at the lives of early humans and their evolution as they formed civilizations. Ensure you have a good grasp of concepts covered in this chapter by sending lesson topic questions to our experts and testing your knowledge with quizzes and a chapter exam. In no time, you will know more about the following:
- How the last Ice Age brought new human opportunities
- What the origins of humankind were
- What characterized the foraging and pastoral nomadic societies
- Differences between the Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures
- What caused the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
- Why the early mother goddess was worshipped
- How the Great Flood occurred and prompted population migrations
- How the horse people and nomadic pastoralism impacted the development of civilization
1. The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities
What is an ice age? How did the latest period of glaciation form our species? How has the abundance of this latest period of interglaciation changed our behavior? Watch this lesson to find out.
2. The Origins of Humankind
In this lesson, we explore the fascinating and diverse species of hominids that belong to the evolutionary tree of humankind, as well as the important developments in its history.
3. Foraging & Pastoral Nomadic Societies: Definition & Characteristics
This lesson will discuss those who practice foraging and pastoralism for survival. We will also define the term 'nomadic' and focus on what it means to be egalitarian.
4. Preliterate Cultures: Paleolithic vs Neolithic
In this lesson we briefly explore the origins of Homo sapiens before discovering the differences between the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras of human civilization.
5. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications
A long, long time ago, human beings roamed the earth looking for food. Then the agricultural revolution struck! What are the benefits of an agrarian society, and how have they shaped the way we live today?
6. Mystery Cults and the Early Mother Goddess
What kind of problems do we encounter when talking about ancient religions? What are the Mother Goddess figures, and where do they pop up throughout history? Watch this lesson to learn about one of the earliest forms of religious worship.
7. The Great Flood and Population Migrations
The Great Flood myth has been around for over eight millennia. Could it be more than a myth? What could have caused such a flood, and what effects has it had on humans?
8. Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?
This lecture examines the downsides and limits of settled agriculture and civilization. It then explores how 'civilized' forces are able to displace other systems. Horse people are introduced as a counterpoint to civilization and nomadic pastoralism as a successful alternative method of living. Finally it follows the conflict between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturalists throughout history.
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Other chapters within the World History: High School course
- Early Near East Civilizations
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of the Ancient Greeks
- History of The Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- Timeline of the Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- Timeline of the High Middle Ages
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- History of The European Renaissance
- The Reformation Across Europe
- The Age of Exploration
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- Europe, Asia, the Middle East & Africa Post-War
- The Cold War
- Latin America Since 1900
- The 21st Century