About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Earth in the Solar System chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Forming a galaxy||Discuss how galaxies form and review the following three types of galaxies: elliptical, spiral, and irregular|
|Tuesday||The sun||Examine the sun's structure, describe the different parts of the sun, and analyze each stage of the sun's lifecycle|
|Wednesday||Stars||Define a star, determine how stars are formed, discuss the star formations, examine how the color and size of the star determines its type, review the lifecycle of stars, and identify the differences between giant stars are dwarf stars|
|Thursday||Light in the galaxy||Learn about units used for measuring distances, (e.g. light years and astronomical units), determine the Earth's distance from the sun and other places in our galaxy, describe the different light sources in our galaxy, and identify which objects in space produce light and which reflect light|
|Friday||Planets, moons, comets, asteroids, and meteorites||Review the formation processes of these celestial objects, identify the inner planets, discuss the outer planets, point out the dwarf planets within our solar system, and analyze the characteristics of moons, asteroids, comets and meteorites|
1. Galaxy Formation: Spiral, Elliptical & Irregular Galaxies
This lesson explains how galaxies form, starting with the Big Bang. You'll also learn about the solar nebula hypothesis and three galaxy types, including spiral, elliptical, and irregular galaxies.
2. Structure of the Sun
Discover the layers of the sun, including the core, radiative zone, convective zone, photosphere, chromosphere, and corona. Find out which layers you can see from Earth. Investigate what sunspots and solar flares are.
3. Stages of the Sun's Life Cycle
Discover our sun, the provider of energy for life on Earth. Learn how the sun was born, how it lives as a main sequence star, how it will age into a red giant and how it will die as a white dwarf.
4. Star Formation: Main Sequence, Dwarf & Giant Stars
Learn how stars are born, beginning with a protostar. Then learn about stars in later stages of life, including main sequence stars, brown dwarfs, red giants, and black holes.
5. Types of Stars by Size, Color and Life Cycle
Learn to identify the different sizes and colors of stars and how they relate to the star life cycle. In this lesson, we'll talk about spectral classification, how many stars there are of each type and the approximate color of the different classes of stars.
6. Astronomical Units & Light Years: Definition & Examples
After watching this video, you will be able to explain why we need special astronomical ways of measuring distance. You will also be able to state the meaning of the terms astronomical unit, light year and parsec. A short quiz will follow.
7. Stars as a Source of Light: Definition & Explanation
After reviewing this lesson, you will be able to explain how stars are a source of light, and why we see other objects in our solar system. A short quiz will follow.
8. Inner Planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth & Mars
Take a tour of the four inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. Known as the terrestrial planets, find out what makes each of them unique and how they are different from the outer planets, the gas giants.
9. Outer Planets of the Solar System: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Take a tour of the outer planets of our solar system: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Find out what makes each of these gas giants unique and learn about Pluto, a dwarf planet.
10. Dwarf Planets of the Solar System: Pluto, Eris, Haumea & Ceres
Discover why Pluto had to leave the league of planets and was downgraded to a dwarf planet. Learn the definitions for planet and dwarf planet. Find out about the currently classified dwarf planets in our solar system: Pluto, Eris, Ceres, Haumea and Makemake.
11. Asteroids, Meteorites & Comets: Definitions and Characteristics
This lesson will cover the definitions and characteristics of asteroids, comets and meteorites. It will also explore what impact they have had on Earth and the impact they might have in the future.
12. Formation of the Moon: Theories
Explore the four major theories on the formation of the Moon. The theories include the fission theory, capture theory, condensation theory and giant impact theory. Also look at both information supporting and flaws found in these theories.
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