About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Earth Science Investigation & Experimentation chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Science concepts, scientific method and scientific hypothesis||Root, prefix, suffix, hypothesis, experiment, observations, analysis, conclusion and peer review|
|Tuesday||Tools, graphs and charts||Computers, spring scales, balances, microscopes, graphs, axes, range, scale, line breaks, table, independent variable and dependent variable|
|Wednesday||Written reports, oral presentations and interpretation of scientific evidence||Methods for communicating the steps and results of investigations; consistency between evidence and proposed explanations|
|Thursday||Maps: topographic, geologic and scale||Contour rules, hachures, geologic features, scale and 4 steps for construction of scale maps|
|Friday||Interpretive use of natural phenomena and identification of changes over time||Relative dating, intrusions, batholiths, laccoliths, faults and manipulation of phenomena|
1. Science Vocabulary & Concepts: Study Skills & Word Parts
Learning science presents a unique set of challenges for students. In this lesson, learn the tricks of the trade as we discuss scientific vocabulary and other science study skills.
2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
3. Developing a Scientific Hypothesis
This video describes how to create a hypothesis and includes the three main things needed to create a strong hypothesis. You'll learn how to make a clear statement that can be both tested and measured.
4. How to Construct Graphs from Data
This video describes how to create a line graph and explains the four main parts that graphs need to contain: 1. previously collected data, 2. picture representations, 3. use of the correct graph type, and 4. labels. This lesson also covers dependent and independent variables.
5. Graph Terminology Axis, Range & Scale
This lesson will focus on what the X- and Y-axes are and what the terms range and scale are as they pertain to graphing. Later in the lesson, the idea of scale breaks will be discussed.
6. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts
How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.
7. Interpreting Graphs and Charts of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Do charts and graphs make problem-solving difficult? Complex problems with visual representations can drain your brain during a test. In this lesson, learn three simple rules for solving problems with charts and graphs. We'll try them out as we walk through two sample problems.
8. Interpreting Tables of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Complex table problems getting you down? Multi-question, situational problems don't have to be a drag on your testing performance. Learn how to apply three simple rules as we walk through two table problems together.
9. How to Write a Written Report of a Scientific Investigation
Many times, writing a good written report of a scientific investigation is just as important as the experiment itself. In this lesson, we'll learn why the hypothesis, procedure, and results are so important.
10. How to Give an Oral Presentation on a Scientific Investigation
After watching this video lesson, you will know how to give an oral presentation that delivers the important parts of your scientific investigation in a way that your audience will like and understand.
11. How to Interpret Scientific Evidence
Watch this video lesson to learn how you can tell whether or not your scientific data answers your question by determining what your data is telling you. Then test your new knowledge with a quiz!
12. How to Read Topographic and Geologic Maps
This lesson explains the main features of topographic maps, including contour lines, index contours and contour intervals. It will also cover two rules that all contours follow and discuss geologic maps and the information they contain.
13. How to Construct and Interpret a Scale Map
This lesson will explain what a scale map is and how it represents two different things on the map expressed as a ratio. This lesson will also demonstrate the steps needed to create a scale map from any ordinary map.
14. How to Interpret Events from Natural Phenomena
This lesson will explain what scientists can determine from looking at Earth's rock layers. It will cover terms used to describe parts within the layers of rock and how layers can change over time. Relative dating will also be discussed.
15. How to Identify Changes in Natural Phenomena Over Time
Have you ever seen a volcano erupt? Have you seen the Northern Lights? If not, don't worry. You've probably seen or heard other natural phenomena. Let's find out together how we can detect changes to phenomena over time.
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Other chapters within the Middle School Earth Science Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Earth's Spheres & Structure Lesson Plans
- Understanding Plate Tectonics Lesson Plans
- Understanding Earthquakes Lesson Plans
- Understanding Volcanoes Lesson Plans
- Rock Deformation & Mountains Lesson Plans
- Shaping the Earth's Surface Lesson Plans
- Thermal Energy Lesson Plans
- Energy in the Earth System Lesson Plans
- Ecology & Ecosystems Lesson Plans
- Earth's Energy Resources Lesson Plans
- Earth's Material Resources Lesson Plans