About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our Middle School Earth Science Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about experimentation and investigation in earth science. There is no faster or easier way to learn about earth science research. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn how to read geologic maps and interpret scientific evidence.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need an earth science curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and the Earth Science Research unit exam on matter confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Earth Science Research Unit Objectives:
- Build a scale map.
- Formulate a scientific hypothesis.
- List the steps and terms of the scientific method.
- Use computers, calculators and microscopes to conduct tests.
- Identify changes to trees, streams and other natural phenomena over time.
- Give a presentation of a scientific investigation, both orally and in written form.
1. Science Vocabulary & Concepts: Study Skills & Word Parts
Learning science presents a unique set of challenges for students. In this lesson, learn the tricks of the trade as we discuss scientific vocabulary and other science study skills.
2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
3. Developing a Scientific Hypothesis
This video describes how to create a hypothesis and includes the three main things needed to create a strong hypothesis. You'll learn how to make a clear statement that can be both tested and measured.
4. How to Construct Graphs from Data
This video describes how to create a line graph and explains the four main parts that graphs need to contain: 1. previously collected data, 2. picture representations, 3. use of the correct graph type, and 4. labels. This lesson also covers dependent and independent variables.
5. Graph Terminology Axis, Range & Scale
This lesson will focus on what the X- and Y-axes are and what the terms range and scale are as they pertain to graphing. Later in the lesson, the idea of scale breaks will be discussed.
6. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts
How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.
7. Interpreting Graphs and Charts of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Do charts and graphs make problem-solving difficult? Complex problems with visual representations can drain your brain during a test. In this lesson, learn three simple rules for solving problems with charts and graphs. We'll try them out as we walk through two sample problems.
8. Interpreting Tables of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Complex table problems getting you down? Multi-question, situational problems don't have to be a drag on your testing performance. Learn how to apply three simple rules as we walk through two table problems together.
9. How to Write a Written Report of a Scientific Investigation
Many times, writing a good written report of a scientific investigation is just as important as the experiment itself. In this lesson, we'll learn why the hypothesis, procedure, and results are so important.
10. How to Give an Oral Presentation on a Scientific Investigation
After watching this video lesson, you will know how to give an oral presentation that delivers the important parts of your scientific investigation in a way that your audience will like and understand.
11. How to Interpret Scientific Evidence
Watch this video lesson to learn how you can tell whether or not your scientific data answers your question by determining what your data is telling you. Then test your new knowledge with a quiz!
12. How to Read Topographic and Geologic Maps
This lesson explains the main features of topographic maps, including contour lines, index contours and contour intervals. It will also cover two rules that all contours follow and discuss geologic maps and the information they contain.
13. How to Construct and Interpret a Scale Map
This lesson will explain what a scale map is and how it represents two different things on the map expressed as a ratio. This lesson will also demonstrate the steps needed to create a scale map from any ordinary map.
14. How to Interpret Events from Natural Phenomena
This lesson will explain what scientists can determine from looking at Earth's rock layers. It will cover terms used to describe parts within the layers of rock and how layers can change over time. Relative dating will also be discussed.
15. How to Identify Changes in Natural Phenomena Over Time
Have you ever seen a volcano erupt? Have you seen the Northern Lights? If not, don't worry. You've probably seen or heard other natural phenomena. Let's find out together how we can detect changes to phenomena over time.
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Other chapters within the Middle School Earth Science: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Earth's Structure: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Plate Tectonics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Earthquakes: Homeschool Curriculum
- Understanding Volcanoes: Homeschool Curriculum
- Rock Deformation & Mountain Building: Homeschool Curriculum
- Shaping the Earth's Surface: Homeschool Curriculum
- Thermal Energy: Homeschool Curriculum
- Energy in the Earth System: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ecology & Ecosystems: Homeschool Curriculum
- Earth's Energy Sources: Homeschool Curriculum
- Earth's Material Resources: Homeschool Curriculum