About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering ecology and ecosystems material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about ecology and ecosystems. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding ecology and ecosystems
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about ecology and ecosystems
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the ecology and ecosystems chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the ecology and ecosystems chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any ecology and ecosystems question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an ecology and ecosystems unit of a standard middle school earth science course. Topics covered include:
- The environment and levels of ecology
- Trophic levels, food chains and energy flow in ecosystems
- Camouflage, warning coloration and mimicry in predator-prey interactions
- Symbiotic relationships
- Migration, dispersion and carrying capacity
- Conservation biology, metapopulations and habitat fragmentation
- Ecological succession
- Effects of invasive and introduced species on ecological balance
- Types of biomes
- The nitrogen cycle and the carbon cycle
1. The Environment, Levels of Ecology and Ecosystems
Do you know the difference between an environment and an ecosystem? In this lesson, you'll find out what makes an environment, and what makes an ecosystem. You'll also learn what ecology is and some of the ways that scientists study ecology using organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems and even the entire biosphere.
2. Food Chains, Trophic Levels and Energy Flow in an Ecosystem
In this lesson, you'll learn about food chains, food webs, and the different roles that organisms play in an ecosystem. You'll also learn about how energy flows through an ecosystem.
3. Predator/Prey Interactions, Camouflage, Mimicry & Warning Coloration
You probably know that skunks can be quite stinky, bees sting and monarch butterflies are pretty, but do you know why? This lesson will introduce you to the reasons why some animals look or act the way they do and how these things relate to the predator/prey relationship.
4. Symbiotic Relationships: Mutualism, Commensalism & Parasitism
If your cat or dog has ever had fleas, you've witnessed symbiosis in action. In this lesson, learn the many types of symbiosis in biology, and how these relationships can have a positive, negative, or neutral effect on the individual species.
5. Carrying Capacity, Migration & Dispersion
Have you ever wondered why some types of birds fly south in the winter or why some animals form territories? Watch this video to learn about a species' maximum growth capabilities, the way its members group themselves and why they might migrate to new locations every year.
6. Conservation Biology, Habitat Fragmentation, and Metapopulations
It's becoming harder to conserve large, unbroken tracts of wilderness. Is there another way for conservation biologists to ensure the survival of a species? In this lesson, you'll learn about habitat fragmentation and metapopulations.
7. Ecological Succession: From Pioneer to Climax Communities
Just as people grow and change so, too, do ecosystems. Watch this lesson to learn about ecological succession from the beginning stages of development to a community's ultimate destination, or climax.
8. How Introduced and Invasive Species Alter Ecological Balance
What happens to your block when a new neighbor moves in? Something changes, right? Now think about that on an ecological scale: what happens to an environment when a new SPECIES moves in?
9. Biomes: Desert, Tropical Rainforest, Savanna, Coral Reefs & More
Take a trip around the world and learn all about different biomes. Why can you only find certain plants and animals in specific places? What are the most fertile climates on Earth? Watch on to answer these and other questions.
10. Biomes: Tundra, Taiga, Temperate Grassland, and Coastlines
Take a trip with us in this lesson, starting in the Pacific Ocean, traveling across California through the Central Valley and up to the peaks of the Sierra Nevada mountains. We'll learn how oceans, elevation, and people can determine which types of biomes are found in different areas and check out the Earth's most massive and oldest organisms.
11. The Nitrogen Cycle, Acid Rain and Fossil Fuels
Do you know the difference between nitrite and nitrate? Do you have any clue how all the nitrogen in the atmosphere becomes usable? If you can't answer these questions, then you need to watch this lesson on the nitrogen cycle.
12. The Carbon Cycle and Long-Term Carbon Storage
All living organisms have a role in the carbon cycle. Do you know you understand how humans, animals and plants use carbon? This lesson will introduce you to the carbon cycle and explain how it functions on a global scale.
13. Environmental Resistance: Definition, Factors & Examples
Would it surprise you to hear the environment puts up resistance? But to what? And how? Here, you'll learn what environmental resistance is and how it affects population growth.
14. Desert Biotic and Abiotic Factors
In this lesson we'll learn about the desert ecosystem. Specifically, we'll learn what biotic and abiotic factors are and then look at specific factors present in one example of a desert ecosystem, the Sahara Desert.
15. Desert Producers and Consumers
In this lesson, we'll cover the definition of a producer and consumer in biology, and then give examples of specific producers and consumers in the desert region.
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Other chapters within the Middle School Earth Science: Help and Review course
- Earth's Spheres & Structures: Help and Review
- Understanding Plate Tectonics: Help and Review
- Understanding Earthquakes: Help and Review
- Understanding Volcanoes: Help and Review
- Rock Deformation & Mountain Building: Help and Review
- Shaping the Earth's Surface: Help and Review
- Thermal Energy: Help and Review
- Energy in the Earth System: Help and Review
- Earth's Energy Resources: Help and Review
- Earth's Material Resources: Help and Review
- Earth Science Investigation & Experimentation: Help and Review
- Water, Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles